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2024-07-01
Theoretical Analysis of Bandwidth Requirements for Damped Sinusoid Measurement
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 145, 1-8, 2024
Abstract
High altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) couples to cables and introduces interference into the connected electronic equipment. Responses arising from the transient electromagnetic field typically follow an exponentially damped sinusoid behavior. Thus, damped sinusoids with different parameters are recommended in the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards as typical injected waveform for HEMP conducted immunity test. To guarantee the compliance of the injected pulse, accurate measurement of the injected pulse is needed. Wideband proportional current sensors are often applied to measure the injected damped sinusoid. However, bandwidth requirements of wideband proportional current sensor for damped sinusoid measurement are not specified. In this paper, two formulae are deduced to establish the relationships between the bandwidth requirements and the fundamental resonance frequency of the damped sinusoid to be measured. It is convenient and simple for the on-site engineers to check whether the bandwidth of the proportional current sensor is suitable by the formulae. Monte-Carlo simulation is conducted in support of the recommended formulae.
Citation
Jing Yang, Wei Wu, Zhizhen Zhu, Zhitong Cui, Yayun Dong, Xin Nie, Fei Cao, and Chuan He, "Theoretical Analysis of Bandwidth Requirements for Damped Sinusoid Measurement," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 145, 1-8, 2024.
doi:10.2528/PIERC24041805
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