This research presents a novel integrated multiband antenna system manufactured and tested for Smart Industries applications. The proposed system consists of a miniaturized planar antenna with multi-arms conceived to cover the most required frequency bands in industry 4.0 such as GPS Band, UMTS Band, ISM Band, LTE Bands, and WiMax Bands. The manufactured design was verified using Arduino programmable circuit board interfaced to SIM900 module and digital sensors for data collection. Depending on the commands received through the human machine interface (HMI) from the end-user, the developed algorithm within the Arduino controls the SIM900 to select the adequate wireless technology to transmit the data and thus reconfigures the antenna to radiate at the target frequency band. The proposed system is easy to deploy inside industrial machines and cost-effective for large scale use. The paper first introduces the main challenges and benefits of miniaturized low-cost antennas systems for Smart Industries and Internet Of Things. Further the parametric study and final dimensions of the design and simulation results are discussed. The proposed design is fabricated, and the measurements of the radiation pattern and return loss are performed. The antenna, with measured maximum gain up to 10 dBi and measured S11 up to -20 dB, exhibits excellent performance for all the frequencies required in Smart Industries such as 1.6 GHz, 1.8 GHz, 2.3 GHz, 2.4 GHz, 2.6 GHz, 3.5 Ghz, and 5.8 GHz. The proposed antenna system was implemented and tested inside an industrial machine for Yogurt and Milk production and compared to existing commercial solutions. This study shows that the proposed antenna system is suitable for smart factories since it is miniaturized for internal integration, and it has self-frequency-adaptation and low power consumption, allowing the end-user to remotely control and monitor machines and smart devices.
Angel Mediavilla Sanchez,
"Novel Miniaturized Planar Low-Cost Multiband Antenna for Industry 4.0 Communications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C,
Vol. 93, 29-38, 2019. doi:10.2528/PIERC19030809
1. Brunet-Thornton, R. and F. Martinez, "Analyzing the impacts of industry 4.0 in modern business environments," IGI Global, 410 pages, May 4, 2018.
2. Jayaram, A., "Lean six sigma approach for global supply chain management using industry 4.0 and IIoT," 2016 2nd International Conference on Contemporary Computing and Informatics (IC3I), 89-94, Noida, 2016.
3. Bonavolont, F., A. Tedesco, R. S. L. Moriello, and A. Tufano, "Enabling wireless technologies for industry 4.0: State of the art," 2017 IEEE International Workshop on Measurement and Networking (M&N), 1-5, Naples, 2017.
4. Hong, Y., J. Tak, J. Baek, B. Myeong, and J. Choi, "Design of a multiband antenna for LTE/GSM/UMTS band operation," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2014, Article ID 548160, 9 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/548160
5. Zhou, P., M. He, Y. Hao, C. Zhang, and Z. Zhang, "Design of a small-size broadband circularly polarized microstrip antenna array," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Article ID 5691561, 12 pages, 2018.
6. Kazemi, R., J. Palmer, F. Quaiyum, and A. E. Fathy, "Steerable miniaturised printed quadrifilar helical array antenna using digital phase shifters for BGAN/GPS applications," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 12, No. 7, 1196-1204, June 13, 2018. doi:10.1049/iet-map.2017.0959
7. Sorana, N., S. Rewat, and P. Chuwong, "Dual-frequency circularly-polarized truncated square aperture patch antenna with slant strip and L-shaped slot for WLAN applications," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Received 1 March 2018; Revised 31 May 2018; Accepted 4 June 2018.
8. Liu, H., B. Lu, and L. Li, "Novel miniaturized octaband antenna for LTE smart handset applications," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2015, Article ID 861016, 8 pages, 2015.
9. Chung, M. A. and C. F. Yang, "Built-in antenna design for 2.4GHz ISM band and GPS operations in a wrist-worn wireless communication device," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 10, No. 12, 1285-1291, September 17, 2016. doi:10.1049/iet-map.2015.0785
10. Li, Y. and W. Yu, "A miniaturized triple band monopole antenna for WLAN and WiMAX applications," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2015, Article ID 146780, 5 pages, 2015.
11. Hu, W., R.-N. Lian, Z.-Y. Tang, and Y.-Z. Yin, "Wideband, low-profile, dual-polarized slot antenna with an AMC surface for wireless communications," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2016, Article ID 7641382, 8 pages, 2016.
12. Cheung, C. Y., J. S. M. Yuen, and S. W. Y. Mung, "Miniaturized printed inverted-F antenna for internet of things: A design on PCB with a meandering line and shorting strip," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2018, Article ID 5172960, 5 pages, 2018.
13. Piette, M., et al., "Antenna radiation efficiency measurements in a reverberation chamber," Proc. Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conf., 19-22, Qingdao, China, August 2004.
14. Djordjevi, A. R. and A. G. Zaji, "Enhancing the gain of helical antennas by shaping the ground conductor," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, 138-140, May 2006. doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.873946
15. Stavrou, S. and S. Saunders, "Factors influencing outdoor to indoor radio wave propagation," Proc. 12th Int. Conf. Antennas Propag., 581-585, London, U.K., March 2003.
16. Teltonika, FMA User Manuel V1.13, 7-13, Retrieved from https://teltonika.lt/downloads/en/fma 120/FMA120-User-Manual-v1.13.pdf, Teltonika, 2016.
18. Vasylchenko, A., Y. Schols, W. De Raedt, and G. A. E. Vandenbosch, "Quality assessment of computational techniques and software tools for planar antenna analysis," IEEE Antennas Propagat. Magazine, Vol. 51, No. 1, 23-38, February 2009. doi:10.1109/MAP.2009.4939017