Vol. 103
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2010-04-13
Polarization-Tunable Negative OR Positive Refraction in Self-Complementariness-Based Extraordinary Transmission Prism
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 103, 101-114, 2010
Abstract
Here we report a prism made of stacked quasi-selfcomplementary extraordinary transmission surfaces which allows simultaneously left- and right-handed propagation within the V-band for vertical and horizontal polarizations, respectively and righthanded propagation within the W-band for both polarizations. The numerical dispersion diagram of the infinite structure and effective indexes of refraction retrieved from S-parameters under normal incidence together with the finite integration time domain simulations predict single negative and double positive birefringence. The unusual type of birefringence single negative and regular double positive birefringence are afterwards demonstrated experimentally at the millimeter-waves (V- and W-bands) by the wedge experiment which lets us check, using a straightforward geometrical method, the refraction of each component. The effective index of refraction is retrieved via the Snell's law and compared to those obtained through the dispersion diagram and the retrieval method from S-parameters computed with the commercial software CST Microwave StudioTMTM.
Citation
Miguel Navarro-Cia Miguel Beruete Francisco J. Falcone Mario Sorolla Ayza Igor Campillo , "Polarization-Tunable Negative OR Positive Refraction in Self-Complementariness-Based Extraordinary Transmission Prism," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 103, 101-114, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10030108
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=10030108
References

1. Garcia de Abajo, F. J., "Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays," Rev. Modern Phys., Vol. 79, No. 4, 1267-1290, 2007.
doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.79.1267

2. Brown, J., "Artificial dielectric having refractive indices less than unity," Proc. IEE, Vol. 100, No. 4, 51-62, 1953.

3. Ulrich, R., "Far-infrared properties of metallic mesh and its complementary structure ," Infrared Phys., Vol. 7, No. 1, 37-55, 1967.
doi:10.1016/0020-0891(67)90028-0

4. Chen, C. C., "Diffraction of electromagnetic waves by a conducting screen perforated periodically with circular holes," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 19, No. 5, 475-481, 1971.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.1971.1127548

5. Ebbesen, T. W., H. J. Lezec, H. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolf, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ," Nature, Vol. 391, No. 6668, 667-669, 1998.
doi:10.1038/35570

6. Bethe, H. A., "Theory of diffraction by small holes," Phys. Rev., Vol. 66, No. 7-8, 163-182, 1944.
doi:10.1103/PhysRev.66.163

7. Veselago, V. G., "The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ε and μ," Soviet Phys. Ups., Vol. 10, No. 4, 509-514, 1968.
doi:10.1070/PU1968v010n04ABEH003699

8. Pendry, J. B., A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 47, No. 11, 2075-2084, 1999.
doi:10.1109/22.798002

9. Smith, D. R., W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity ," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 84, No. 18, 4184-4187, 2000.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.4184

10. Pendry, J. B., "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 85, No. 18, 3966-3969, 2000.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.3966

11. Solymar, L. and E. Shamonina, Waves in Metamaterials, Oxford University Press, New York, 2009.

12. Beruete, M., M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Left-handed extraordinary optical transmission through a photonic crystal of subwavelength hole arrays ," Opt. Express, Vol. 14, No. 12, 5445-5455, 2006.
doi:10.1364/OE.14.005445

13. Zhang, S., W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 95, No. 13, 137404-1-4, 2005.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.137404

14. Dolling, G., C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial ," Science, Vol. 32, No. 5775, 892-894, 2006.
doi:10.1126/science.1126021

15. Navarro-Cia, M., M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Negative refraction in a prism made of stacked subwavelength hole arrays ," Opt. Express, Vol. 16, No. 2, 560-566, 2008.
doi:10.1364/OE.16.000560

16. Beruete, M., M. Navarro-Cia, F. Falcone, I. Campillo, and M. Sorolla, "Connection between extraordinary transmission and negative refraction in a prism of stacked subwavelength hole arrays ," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., Vol. 42, No. 16, 165504-1-4, 2009.
doi:10.1088/0022-3727/42/16/165504

17. Navarro-Cia, M., M. Beruete, I. Campillo, and M. Sorolla, "Millimeter-wave left-handed extraordinary transmission meta-material demultiplexer," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 8, No. 1, 212-215, 2009.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2008.2005041

18. Beruete, M., M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Planoconcave lens by negative refraction of stacked subwave-length hole arrays," Opt. Express, Vol. 16, No. 13, 9677-9683, 2008.
doi:10.1364/OE.16.009677

19. Navarro-Cia, M., M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Converging biconcave metallic lens by double-negative extraordinary transmission metamaterial ," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 94, No. 14, 144107-1-3, 2009.
doi:10.1063/1.3118585

20. Navarro-Cia, M., M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Viability of focusing effect by left-handed stacked subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. B, 2010 (in press).

21. Valentine, J., S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, "Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index," Nature, Vol. 455, No. 7211, 376-379, 2008.
doi:10.1038/nature07247

22. Beruete, M., M. Navarro-Cia, I. Campillo, P. Goy, and M. Sorolla, "Quasioptical polarizer based on self-complementary sub-wavelength hole arrays," IEEE Microw. Wirel. Comp. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 12, 834-836, 2007.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2007.910471

23. Beruete, M., M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarized left-handed extraordinary optical transmission of subterahertz waves," Opt. Express, Vol. 15, No. 13, 8125-8134, 2007.
doi:10.1364/OE.15.008125

24. Beruete, M., M. Navarro-Cia, M. Sorolla, and I. Campillo, "Polarization selection with stacked hole array metamaterial," J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 103, No. 5, 053102-1-4, 2008.
doi:10.1063/1.2841471

25. Shelby, R. A., D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science, Vol. 292, No. 5514, 77-79, 2001.
doi:10.1126/science.1058847

26. Beruete, M., M. Navarro-Cia, F. Falcone, I. Campillo, and M. Sorolla, "Single negative birefringence in stacked spoof plasmon metasurfaces by prism experiment ," Opt. Lett., Vol. 35, No. 5, 643-645, 2010.
doi:10.1364/OL.35.000643

27. Beruete, M., I. Campillo, M. Navarro-Cia, F. Falcone, and M. Sorolla Ayza, "Molding left- or right-handed metamaterials by stacked cutoff metallic hole arrays," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 55, No. 6, 1514-1521, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.897324

28. Chen, X., T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, Jr., and J. A. Kong, "Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 70, No. 1, 016608-1-7, 2004.

29. Hao, Y. and R. Mittra, FDTD Modeling of Metamaterials: Theory and Applications, Artech House, Norwood, 2009.

30. Smith, D. R., P. M. Rye, J. J. Mock, D. C. Vier, and A. F. Starr, "Enhanced diffraction from a grating on the surface of a negative index material," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 93, No. 13, 137405-1-4, 2004.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.137405

31. Balanis, C. A., Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1997.

32. Depine, R. A. and A. Lakhtakia, "Plane-wave diffraction at the periodically corrugated boundary of vacuum and a negative-phase-velocity material," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 69, No. 5, 057602-1-4, 2004.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.69.057602