Electromagnetic Theories Applied to Imaging of Objects in Geophysical and Biological Media (Invited Paper)
Statistical Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theories have been developed over many years and applied to a wide range of practical problems in remote sensing of geographical media, imaging in biological media, medical optics, ultrasound imaging, and object detection and imaging and communications in clutter environment. This paper gives a review of recent advances, development and applications of statistical wave theory. Many important problems on imaging in geophysical and biological media have been treated often as separate problems. This paper attempts to present unified theoretical work and viewpoints under the statistical theories which may help further advance and understanding of theories and applications. The statistical electromagnetic theories encompass most advanced mathematical and theoretical work and most practical applications. This includes time-reversal imaging through multiple scattering media, super resolution, communication channel capacity in clutter, space-time vector radiative transfer, bio-electromagnetics and ultrasound in tissues, coherence in multiple scattering, memory effects, the use of transformation electromagnetics, seismic coda, and the fundamental multiple scattering theories. Statistical Electromagnetics Theories are one of the most challenging theoretical problems today involving many applications in geographical and biological media.