Vol. 126
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2012-04-05
PIER
Vol. 126, 555-571, 2012
download: 122
Evaporation Duct Retrieval Using Changes in Radar Sea Clutter Power Versus Receiving Height
Jin-Peng Zhang Zhen-Sen Wu Yu-Sheng Zhang Bo Wang
A method for retrieving evaporation duct height (EDH) is introduced in this paper. The proposed technique employs the changes in radar sea clutter power observed at different heights as input information. It identifies the EDH associated with the modeled clutter change pattern that best matches measured change patterns. The performance of the method is evaluated in terms of RMS errors in retrieving actual EDHs that range from 0 to 40 m. The comparison of the proposed method with the conventional clutter pattern matching method shows that the former more effectively retrieves actual EDHs.
EVAPORATION DUCT RETRIEVAL USING CHANGES IN RADAR SEA CLUTTER POWER VERSUS RECEIVING HEIGHT
2012-04-04
PIER
Vol. 126, 539-553, 2012
download: 182
A New Plasma Antenna of Beam-Forming
Xiao Po Wu Jia-Ming Shi Zong Sheng Chen Bo Xu
In this paper, a new plasma antenna of beam-forming is investigated based upon the interaction of plasma elements due to the electromagnetic wave. It presents a study of the multiple scattering from argon plasma cylinders rigorously applying boundary value method, grounded on the properties of electromagnetic wave transmitted in the argon plasma. Approximate expressions for the total radiation of plasma antenna in the far field are derived briefly. Also presented is a study that this new antenna of beam-forming exhibits interesting performance in terms of radiation efficiency, beam-forming and beam-scanning. Valid results are brought forth to demonstrate the capabilities of such antenna of two scales. Comparisons are given in detail as well.
A NEW PLASMA ANTENNA OF BEAM-FORMING
2012-04-04
PIER
Vol. 126, 521-538, 2012
download: 124
Investigation of Effective Plasma Frequencies in One-Dimensional Plasma Photonic Crystals
Chien-Jang Wu Tzong-Jer Yang Chang Ching Li Pei Yu Wu
In this work, a detailed investigation on the effective plasma frequency fp,eff for one-dimensional binary and ternary plasma-dielectric photonic crystals is made. We extract and then analyze the effective plasma frequency from the calculated photonic band structures at distinct conditions. In the binary photonic crystal, it is found that fp,eff in a photonic crystal is usually smaller than the plasma frequency fp of a bulk plasma system. fp,eff will increase when the electron concentration in the plasma layer increases. It also increases as the thickness of the plasma layer increases, but decreases with the increase in the thickness of dielectric layer. In the ternary photonic crystal, fp,eff is shown to be decreased compared to that of in the binary one. Our results are compared with the analytical expression for fp,eff derived from the concept of effective medium. Fairly good consistence has been obtained for both results. Additionally, a discussion on the effect of loss on fp,eff is also given. The study is limited to the case of normal incidence.
INVESTIGATION OF EFFECTIVE PLASMA FREQUENCIES IN ONE-DIMENSIONAL PLASMA PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
2012-04-04
PIER
Vol. 126, 499-519, 2012
download: 143
A Comparison Between PML, Infinite Elements and an Iterative BEM as Mesh Truncation Methods for Hp Self-Adaptive Procedures in Electromagnetics
Ignacio Gomez-Revuelto Luis E. Garcia-Castillo Leszek F Demkowicz
Finite element hp-adaptivity is a technology that allows for very accurate numerical solutions. When applied to open region problems such as radar cross section prediction or antenna analysis, a mesh truncation method needs to be used. This paper compares the following mesh truncation methods in the context of hp-adaptive methods: Infinite Elements, Perfectly Matched Layers and an iterative boundary element based methodology. These methods have been selected because they are exact at the continuous level (a desirable feature required by the extreme accuracy delivered by the hp-adaptive strategy) and they are easy to integrate with the logic of hp-adaptivity. The comparison is mainly based on the number of degrees of freedom needed for each method to achieve a given level of accuracy. Computational times are also included. Two-dimensional examples are used, but the conclusions directly extrapolated to the three dimensional case.
A COMPARISON BETWEEN PML, INFINITE ELEMENTS AND AN ITERATIVE BEM AS MESH TRUNCATION METHODS FOR HP SELF-ADAPTIVE PROCEDURES IN ELECTROMAGNETICS
2012-04-02
PIER
Vol. 126, 481-497, 2012
download: 132
Adaptive Sampling in Multilevel Plane Wave Based Near-Field Far-Field Transformed Planar Near-Field Measurements
Muhammad Ayyaz Qureshi Carsten H. Schmidt Thomas F. Eibert
An adaptive approach to minimize acquisition time in planar near-field antenna measurements is described. In contrast to the traditional planar near-field scanning, the presented technique acquires the near-field in form of rectangular rings and skips sampling points in smoothly varying near-field regions. Abrupt changes in the near-field are detected by comparing extrapolated and measured near-field values at coarser sampling points. A decision function based on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the measured value is used to determine the threshold difference between the measured and the extrapolated near-field values for skipping the sampling point. Near-field data thus collected on the resultant irregular grid is processed using the multilevel plane wave based near-field far-field transformation algorithm. The multilevel transformation algorithm is computationally efficient and capable of handling data collected on irregular grids. A rigorous analysis of the adaptive data acquisition approach is then performed in terms of transformed far-field accuracy, decision factor, and test time reduction. Several test cases covering a variety of antennas are shown using synthetic as well as measured data for realistic results. Afterwards the acquisition time for the worst case scenario is compared with the traditional planar near-field measurement technique.
ADAPTIVE SAMPLING IN MULTILEVEL PLANE WAVE BASED NEAR-FIELD FAR-FIELD TRANSFORMED PLANAR NEAR-FIELD MEASUREMENTS
2012-04-02
PIER
Vol. 126, 463-479, 2012
download: 122
Efficient Multiscale Finite Difference Frequency Domain Analysis Using Multiple Macromodels with Compressed Boundaries
Jakub Podwalski Piotr Kowalczyk Michal Mrozowski
In this paper, a novel idea of reducing numerical complexity of finite difference method using multiple macromodels is presented. The efficiency of the macromodeling technique depends on the number of ports of a model. To enhance the efficiency of the algorithm the field samples at the boundary of the macromodel are replaced with amplitudes of discretized Legendre polynomials. Redefining the problem in such manner results in significant reduction of the analysis time. The validity and efficiency of the proposed procedure are demonstrated by performing the analysis of two microwave filters requiring a high density mesh.
EFFICIENT MULTISCALE FINITE DIFFERENCE FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS USING MULTIPLE MACROMODELS WITH COMPRESSED BOUNDARIES
2012-03-26
PIER
Vol. 126, 449-461, 2012
download: 142
42.13 Gbit/s 16qam-OFDM Photonics-Wireless Transmission in 75-110 GHz Band
Lei Deng Deming Liu Xiaodan Pang Xu Zhang Valeria Arlunno Ying Zhao Antonio Caballero Anton K. Dogadaev Xianbin Yu Idelfonso Tafur Monroy Marta Beltran Roberto Llorente
We present a simple architecture for realizing high capacity W-band (75-110 GHz) photonics-wireless system. 42.13 Gbit/s 16QAM-OFDM optical baseband signal is obtained in a seamless 15 GHz spectral bandwidth by using an optical frequency comb generator, resulting in a spectral efficiency of 2.808 bits/s/Hz. Transparent photonic heterodyne up-conversion based on two free-running lasers is employed to synthesize the W-band wireless signal. In the experiment, we program an improved DSP receiver and successfully demonstrate photonics-wireless transmission of 8.9 Gbit/s, 26.7 Gbit/s and 42.13 Gbit/s 16QAM-OOFDM W-band signals, with achieved bit-error-rate (BER) performance below the forward error correction (FEC) limit.
42.13 GBIT/S 16QAM-OFDM PHOTONICS-WIRELESS TRANSMISSION IN 75-110 GHz BAND
2012-03-26
PIER
Vol. 126, 429-447, 2012
download: 166
Analysis of Characteristics of Two Close Stationary Human Targets Detected by Impulse Radio UWB Radar
Yanfeng Li Xijing Jing Hao Lv Jianqi Wang
The detection and identification of multi-stationary human targets with IR-UWB radar is a new and important technology. This paper is focused on the detection and identification of two close stationary human targets by using monostatic IR-UWB radar with low center frequency. For this purpose, the characteristics of the radar echoes from two close stationary human targets are processed and analyzed. Furthermore, the effect that the interference behind the anterior target affects the signal of posterior target is represented, and the features of this interference are interpreted. According to the analyses, a method using adaptive cancellation is proposed to attenuate the interference and improve the detection and identification of two close stationary human targets. Series of experiments are done in different scenarios, and the results of the experiments are presented to demonstrate the validity of the method. It has been shown that the proposed method can attenuate the interference and make the detection and identification of multi-human targets more precise.
ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO CLOSE STATIONARY HUMAN TARGETS DETECTED BY IMPULSE RADIO UWB RADAR
2012-03-26
PIER
Vol. 126, 399-427, 2012
download: 441
Koch-Like Sided Sierpinski Gasket Multifractal Dipole Antenna
Daotie Li Jun-Fa Mao
Koch-like fractal curve and Sierpinski Gasket are syncretized in minor-main way, forming so called Koch-like sided Sierpinski Gasket multifractal dipole (KSSG). Some iterative combinatorial cases of the two monofractals KiSj KSSG have been investigated in free space without feedline for revealing the assumed multifractal property. Then a pragmatical coplanar stripline (CPS) fed K4S1 KSSG multifractal bow-tie dipole with dimension of 61.1mm×34.75mm was designed, fabricated and measured. Six matched bands(S11<-10dB) with moderate gain (2dBi-6dBi) and high efficiency (80%-95%) are obtained within band 1.5GHz-14GHz, of which f1=2.137GHz (1.978-2.287GHz, 309MHz, 14.46%, PCS1900+IMT2000+UMTS), f2=4.103GHz (3.916-4.2GHz, 374MHz, 9.12%, WiMAX), f3=5.596GHz (5.499-5.679GHz, 180MHz, 3.22%, WLAN+WiMAX) are commonly used. Gain patterns of these bands are all almost omnidirectional in H-plane (Phi=0o, XOZ) and doughnut-shaped in E-plane (Phi=90o, YOZ), which suggests that K4S1 KSSG operates as a half-wavelength dipole. It behaviors like the main fractal in low frequency and resembles the minor one in high frequency. The consistent results of simulation and measurement have evinced the multifractal antennas' peculiar properties and superiority over its monofractals in impedance uniformity, gain pattern, efficiency and dimension. So it is attractive to PCS, UMTS, WLAN, WiFi, WiMAX and other communication systems.
KOCH-LIKE SIDED SIERPINSKI GASKET MULTIFRACTAL DIPOLE ANTENNA
2012-03-26
PIER
Vol. 126, 375-398, 2012
download: 121
Hybrid TDIE-TDPO Method Using Weighted Laguerre Polynomials for Solving Transient Electromagnetic Problems
Ming-Da Zhu Xi-Lang Zhou Wei Luo Wen-Yan Yin
An efficient and stable hybrid method, based on the time-domain integral equation (TDIE) and time-domain physical optics (TDPO), is developed for investigating transient radiation and scattering from perfectly electrical conducting (PEC) objects. It at first requires partitioning the PEC object surface into TDIE and TDPO regions, respectively. Then, a set of hybrid TDIE-TDPO equations is derived and solved using an adaptive marching-on-in-order (MOO) method. The fast Fourier transforms (FFT)-based blocking scheme is further implemented into the proposed algorithm so as to reduce N2O dependence of the traditional MOO method to NOlog2(NO), where NO is the highest order of the weighted Laguerre polynomials used for computation. Under such circumstances, its computational cost, in comparison with the full TDIE-MOO solver, is reduced significantly. Several numerical examples are presented to demonstrate its accuracy and efficiency in solving some typical transient electromagnetic problems.
HYBRID TDIE-TDPO METHOD USING WEIGHTED LAGUERRE POLYNOMIALS FOR SOLVING TRANSIENT ELECTROMAGNETIC PROBLEMS
2012-03-22
PIER
Vol. 126, 355-373, 2012
download: 133
A Novel Dielectric Conformal FDTD Method for Computing SAR Distribution of the Human Body in a Metallic Cabin Illuminated by an Intentional Electromagnetic Pulse (Iemp)
Ling-Yu Kong Jian Wang Wen-Yan Yin
One novel dielectric conformal finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method is proposed for computing specific absorption rate (SAR) distribution over the human body model in one metallic cabin with some windows on its wall. It is based on the concept of area average, which is different from other traditional conformal FDTD schemes. Our developed algorithm is verified by calculating both point and average SARs of dielectric sphere and human head models illuminated by an intentional electromagnetic pulse (IEMP), respectively, and CST Microwave Studio (MWS) also used for validating its accuracy. Numerical calculations are further performed to show the average SAR distribution over the human body model for different IEMP incidences, where the cabin door is opened or closed. The effects of E-field amplitude, direction and polarization of the incident IEMP on the SAR distributions are characterized in detail. We would like to say that this study will be useful for further electromagnetic protection for some persons working in high power radiation environment.
A NOVEL DIELECTRIC CONFORMAL FDTD METHOD FOR COMPUTING SAR DISTRIBUTION OF THE HUMAN BODY IN A METALLIC CABIN ILLUMINATED BY AN INTENTIONAL ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE (IEMP)
2012-03-21
PIER
Vol. 126, 333-353, 2012
download: 121
Fast 3-D Microwave Imaging Method Based on Subaperture Approximation
Ke-Fei Liao Xiao-Ling Zhang Jun Shi
In this paper, the subaperture approximation (SA) method for 3-D microwave imaging is presented based on the sparsity of 3-D image. The idea is that the sparsity information can be extracted from the lower resolution image obtained using the subaperture of the (virtual) array and be used for high-resolution imaging to reduce the imaging region. Thus, a recursion procedure that can significantly reduce the computational cost is established. Compared with the surface-tracing-based method, the SA method can avoid the loss of isolated scatterers. The feasibility is verified by using experimental data. After analysis, the SA method can reduce the computational cost from two aspects: reducing the array element number needed to be processed and the pixels needed to be processed. The computational cost is mainly related to the target characteristics (the sparsity ratio and the topological structure), and decreases with the increase of the sparsity ratio. When the sparsity ratio is larger than 97.6%, the computational cost can be lower than 10% of the 3-D back-projection (BP) method.
FAST 3-D MICROWAVE IMAGING METHOD BASED ON SUBAPERTURE APPROXIMATION
2012-03-21
PIER
Vol. 126, 317-332, 2012
download: 165
A Frequency Selective Absorbing Ground Plane for Low-RCS Microstrip Antenna Arrays
Filippo Costa Simone Genovesi Agostino Monorchio
An efficient strategy for reducing the signature of an antenna is to substitute the conventional solid ground plane with a patterned ground plane thus letting the incoming energy to pass through the structure except over the operating band of the antenna. However, in a real environment, the energy flowing through the FSS (Frequency Selective Surface) can be intercepted by eventual scatterers located behind the antenna, so to nullify the RCS (Radar Cross Section) reduction. To overcome this drawback, a novel composite structure is proposed which is able to dissipate such energy by placing a thin absorbing layer below the FSS ground. It is shown that a careful analysis has to be performed to accomplish this goal since the transparent antenna array and the backing absorber strongly interact and thus they cannot be separately designed. The optimal value of the foam spacer thickness between the FSS ground and the absorbing layer is investigated by an efficient equivalent transmission line approach. Criteria for enlarging the low-RCS band with respect to the free space design are also provided. An antenna array prototype backed by the thin multilayer structure is finally manufactured and tested.
A FREQUENCY SELECTIVE ABSORBING GROUND PLANE FOR LOW-RCS MICROSTRIP ANTENNA ARRAYS
2012-03-20
PIER
Vol. 126, 303-316, 2012
download: 186
Molding the Flow of Magnetic Field with Metamaterials: Magnetic Field Shielding
Mustafa Boyvat Christian V. Hafner
In this paper, it is demonstrated how anisotropic and inhomogeneous magnetic metamaterials may be used for molding the flow of the magnetic field, considering magnetic field shielding as the main application of practical interest. It is shown that using anisotropic materials, magnetic field shielding may be improved, and this anisotropy can be realized by metamaterials. Introducing additional inhomogeneity in the metamaterial can increase the shielding performance even more. The required parameters for inhomogeneity may be obtained by representing the shielding problem in matrix form, using a quasi-static magnetic field approximation. Finally, some comments on the practical implementation of the metamaterial and comparisons with the standard shielding techniques are given.
MOLDING THE FLOW OF MAGNETIC FIELD WITH METAMATERIALS: MAGNETIC FIELD SHIELDING
2012-03-20
PIER
Vol. 126, 285-302, 2012
download: 146
Influence of Fluctuations of the Geometrical Parameters on the Photonic Band Gaps in One-Dimensional Photonic Crystals
Vladimir A. Tolmachev Аnna V. Baldycheva Kevin Berwick Tatiana S. Perova
The influence of random fluctuations in the layer thicknesses in high contrast, one-dimensional Photonic Crystals (PCs) on the transmission spectra and Photonic Band Gaps (PBGs) is investigated. The change in the PBGs depends on the magnitude of the fluctuations and increases with an increase in the order of the PBG. Introducing thickness non-uniformity into the PC of up to 0.004 times the value of lattice constant for different types of fluctuation distributions has a negligible effect on either the position or the shape of the 1st and nearest PBGs. The approach suggested here allows the determination of the tolerances required in the geometrical parameters of PCs during fabrication. It also allows the optimisation of PC structures using high order PBGs.
INFLUENCE OF FLUCTUATIONS OF THE GEOMETRICAL PARAMETERS ON THE PHOTONIC BAND GAPS IN ONE-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTALS
2012-03-20
PIER
Vol. 126, 269-283, 2012
download: 124
Comparative Study of Neural Network Training Applied to Adaptive Beamforming of Antenna Arrays
Zaharias D. Zaharis Konstantinos A. Gotsis John Sahalos
This paper presents a comparative study of neural network (NN) training. The trained NNs are used as adaptive beamformers of antenna arrays. The training is performed either by a recently developed method called Mutated Boolean PSO (MBPSO) or by a well known beamforming method called Minimum Variance Distortionless Response (MVDR). The training procedure starts by applying the MBPSO and the MVDR to a set of random cases where a linear antenna array receives a signal of interest (SOI) and several interference signals at random directions of arrival (DOA) different from each other in the presence of additive Gaussian noise. For each case, the MBPSO and the MVDR are independently applied to estimate respective excitation weights that make the array steer the main lobe towards the DOA of the SOI and form nulls towards the DOA of the interference signals. The lowest possible value of side lobe level (SLL) is additionally required. The weights extracted by the MBPSO and the weights extracted by the MVDR are used to train respectively two different NNs. Then, the two trained NNs are independently applied to a new set of cases, where random DOA are chosen for the SOI and the interference signals. Finally, the radiation patterns extracted by the two NNs are compared to each other regarding the steering ability of the main lobe and the nulls as well as the side lobe level. The comparison exhibits the superiority of the NN trained by the MBPSO.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NEURAL NETWORK TRAINING APPLIED TO ADAPTIVE BEAMFORMING OF ANTENNA ARRAYS
2012-03-17
PIER
Vol. 126, 255-268, 2012
download: 175
Modified Hilbert-Huang Transform and Its Application to Measured Micro Doppler Signatures from Realistic Jet Engine Models
Ji-Hoon Park Ho Lim Noh-Hoon Myung
Joint time-frequency analysis (JTFA) is applied to micro Doppler signatures generated by jet engine modulation (JEM) effect using a modified Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT). The modified HHT is developed to improve the JTFA results of measured JEM signals. Wavelet decomposition (WD) with Meyer wavelet function is considered as a supplementary process of the HHT. The modified HHT examines a signature obtained from simulation of a jet engine CAD model, and is then applied to the signatures obtained from measurement of two realistic jet engine models. The modified HHT gives more improved JTFA results of the measured JEM signals than those from the simple short-time Fourier transform - (STFT) based analysis. The modified HHT-based JTFA approach is expected to be significantly useful for enabling high-quality radar target recognition in a real environment by complementing other traditional analyses.
MODIFIED HILBERT-HUANG TRANSFORM AND ITS APPLICATION TO MEASURED MICRO DOPPLER SIGNATURES FROM REALISTIC JET ENGINE MODELS
2012-03-17
PIER
Vol. 126, 237-254, 2012
download: 121
Inexpensive and Easy Fabrication of Multi-Mode Tapered Dielectric Circular Probes at Millimeter Wave Frequencies
Bin Zhu Johan Stiens Vladimir Matvejev Roger Vounckx
Tapered dielectric fibers are widely used in the near field microscopy to focus the incident beam or collect near field signal. Single mode is always required so that the geometrical dimension of the waveguide is smaller than the wavelength. This paper proposes an inexpensive and easy fabrication of multimode tapered Teflon probe which has bigger dimensions than the wavelength. The field distribution in and outside the probe is analyzed by the total internal reflection theorem and solid core circular dielectric waveguide theory. Simulations are carried out in Microwave Studio CST. Novel applications based on focal points in and outside the probe are discussed, especially dielectric permittivity sensing of biomolecules using a capillary tube is emphasized by the simulations and experiments.
INEXPENSIVE AND EASY FABRICATION OF MULTI-MODE TAPERED DIELECTRIC CIRCULAR PROBES AT MILLIMETER WAVE FREQUENCIES
2012-03-17
PIER
Vol. 126, 203-235, 2012
download: 173
Developing Lspr Design Guidelines
Daryoush Mortazavi Abbas Z. Kouzani Akif Kaynak Wei Duan
Applications of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) such as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) devices, biosensors, and nano-optics are growing. Investigating and understanding of the parameters that affect the LSPR spectrum is important for the design and fabrication of LSPR devices. This paper studies different parameters, including geometrical structures and light attributes, which affect the LSPR spectrum properties such as plasmon wavelength and enhancement factor. The paper also proposes a number of rules that should be considered in the design and fabrication of LSPR devices.
DEVELOPING LSPR DESIGN GUIDELINES
2012-03-14
PIER
Vol. 126, 185-201, 2012
download: 141
Fast Antenna Characterization Using the Sources Reconstruction Method on Graphics Processors
Jesus A. Lopez-Fernandez Miguel Lopez-Portugues Yuri Alvarez-Lopez Cebrian Garcia-Gonzalez David Martínez Fernando Las Heras Andres
The Sources Reconstruction Method (SRM) is a non-invasive technique for, among other applications, antenna characterization. The SRM is based on obtaining a distribution of equivalent currents that radiate the same field as the antenna under test. The computation of these currents requires solving a linear system, usually ill-posed, that may be very computationally demanding for commercial antennas. Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) are an interesting hardware choice for solving compute-bound problems that are prone to parallelism. In this paper, we present an implementation on GPUs of the SRM applied to antenna characterization that is based on a compute-bound algorithm with a high degree of parallelism. The GPU implementation introduced in this work provides a dramatic reduction on the time cost compared to our CPU implementation and, in addition, keeps the low-memory footprint of the latter. For the sake of illustration, the equivalent currents are obtained on a base station antenna array and a helix antenna working at practical frequencies. Quasi real-time results are obtained on a desktop workstation.
FAST ANTENNA CHARACTERIZATION USING THE SOURCES RECONSTRUCTION METHOD ON GRAPHICS PROCESSORS