Vol. 126
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 178 [2023] PIER 177 [2023] PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2012-03-17
Developing Lspr Design Guidelines
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 126, 203-235, 2012
Abstract
Applications of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) such as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) devices, biosensors, and nano-optics are growing. Investigating and understanding of the parameters that affect the LSPR spectrum is important for the design and fabrication of LSPR devices. This paper studies different parameters, including geometrical structures and light attributes, which affect the LSPR spectrum properties such as plasmon wavelength and enhancement factor. The paper also proposes a number of rules that should be considered in the design and fabrication of LSPR devices.
Citation
Daryoush Mortazavi, Abbas Z. Kouzani, Akif Kaynak, and Wei Duan, "Developing Lspr Design Guidelines," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 126, 203-235, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER12011810
References

1. Mortazavi, D., A. Z. Kouzani, and A. Kaynak, "Nano-plasmonic biosensors --- A review," International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering, Harbin, 2011.

2. Fleischmanna, M., P. J. Hendraa, and A. J. McQuillan, "Raman spectra of pyridine adsorbed at a silver electrod," Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 26, No. 2, 163-166, 1974.
doi:10.1016/0009-2614(74)85388-1

3. Stuart, D. A., C. R. Yonzon, X. Zhang, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, M. R. Glucksberg, J. T. Walsh, and R. P. van Duyne, "Glucose sensing using near-infrared surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy Gold surfaces, 10-day stability, and improved accuracy," Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, 4013-4019, 2005.
doi:10.1021/ac0501238

4. Willets, K. A. and R. P. van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing," The Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 58, 267-297, 2007.
doi:10.1146/annurev.physchem.58.032806.104607

5. Riboh, J. C., A. J. Haes, A. D. McFarland, C. R. Yonzon, and R. P. van Duyne, "A nanoscale optical biosensor real-time immunoassay in physiological buffer enabled by improved nanoparticle adhesion," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 107, 1772-1780, 2003.
doi:10.1021/jp022130v

6. Mayergoyz, I. D., D. R. Fredkin, and Z. Zhang, "Electrostatic (plasmon) resonances in nanoparticles," Physical Review B, Vol. 72, 155412-155426, 2005.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.155412

7. Mishchenko, M. I., L. D. Travis, and J. W. Hovenier, Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles: Theory, Measurements, and Applications , Academic Press, 2000.

8. Anker, J. N., W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. van Duyne, "Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors," Nature Materials, Vol. 7, 442-453, 2008.
doi:10.1038/nmat2162

9. Davis, T. J., K. C. Vernon, and D. E. Gómez, "Designing plasmonic systems using optical coupling between nanoparticles," Physical Review B, Vol. 79, 155423-155432, 2009.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.155423

10. Haynes, C. L., A. D. McFarland, and R. P. van Duyne, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Analytical Chemistry, 339-346, Sep. 1, 2005.

11. Politano, A., R. G. Agostino, E. Colavita, V. Formoso, and G. Chiarello, "Electronic properties of self-assembled quantum dots of sodium on Cu(111) and their interaction with water," Surface Science, Vol. 601, 2656-2659, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.susc.2006.11.079

12. Politano, A., R. G. Agostino, E. Colavita, V. Formoso, and G. Chiarello, "High resolution electron energy loss measurements of Na/Cu(111) and H2O/Na/Cu(111) Dependence of water reactivity as a function of Na coverage," J. of Chemical Physics, Vol. 126, 244712, 2007.
doi:10.1063/1.2748385

13. Slaughter, L., W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, "Characterizing plasmons in nanoparticles and their assemblies with single particle spectroscopy ," J. of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 2, 2015-2023, 2011.
doi:10.1021/jz200702m

14. Angulo, A. M., C. Noguez, and G. C. Schatz, "Electromagnetic field enhancement for wedge-shaped metal nanostructures," J. of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 2, 1978-1983, 2011.
doi:10.1021/jz200825g

15. Schatz, G. C. and R. P. van Duyne, Electromagnetic Mechanism of Surface-enhanced Spectroscopy, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, 2002.

16. Whitney, A. V., J. W. Elam, S. Zou, A. V. Zinovev, P. C. Stair, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance nanosensor a high-resolution distance-dependence study using atomic layer deposition," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 109, No. 43, 20522-20528, 2005.
doi:10.1021/jp0540656

17. Kennedy, B. J., S. Spaeth, M. Dickey, and K. T. Carron, "Determination of the distance dependence and experimental effects for modified SERS substrates based on self-assembled monolayers formed using alkanethiols," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 103, 3640-3646, 1999.
doi:10.1021/jp984454i

18. Stiles, P. L., J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. van Duyne, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," The Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 1, 601-626, 2008.
doi:10.1146/annurev.anchem.1.031207.112814

19. Wang, D. S. and M. Kerker, "Enhanced Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed at the surface of colloidal spheroids," Physical Review B, Vol. 24, 1777-1790, 1981.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.24.1777

20. Kerker, M., D. S. Wang, and H. Chew, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) by molecules adsorbed at spherical particles," Applied Optics, Vol. 19, No. 19, 3373-3388, 1980.
doi:10.1364/AO.19.003373

21. Payne, E. K., K. L. Shuford, S. Park, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, "Multipole plasmon resonances in gold nanorods," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, 2150-2154, 2006.
doi:10.1021/jp056606x

22. Zhang, S., K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, "Substrate-induced Fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A route to increased-sensitivity localized surface plasmon resonance sensors revealed," Nano Letters, Vol. 11, 1657-1663, 2011.
doi:10.1021/nl200135r

23. Link, S. and M. A. El-Sayed, "Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 103, 8410-8426, 1999.
doi:10.1021/jp9917648

24. Sekhon, J. S. and S. S. Verma, "Rational selection of nanorod plasmons Material, size, and shape dependence mechanism for optical sensors ," Plasmonics, Jan. 7, 2012.

25. Prangsma, J. C., Local and Dynamic Properties of Light Interacting with Subwavelength Holes, Amsterdam, Twente, 2009.

26. Yang, Z., Q. Li, F. Ruan, Z. Li, B. Ren, H. Xu, and Z. Tian, "FDTD for plasmonics: Applications in enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chinese Sceince Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 24, 2635-2642, 2010.
doi:10.1007/s11434-010-4044-0

27. Dhawan, A., S. J. Norton, M. D. Gerhold, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Comparison of FDTD numerical computations and analytical multipole expansion method for plasmonics-active nanosphere dimers," Optics Express, Vol. 17, No. 12, 9688-9703, 2009.
doi:10.1364/OE.17.009688

28. Zeman, E. J. and G. C. Schatz, "An accurate electromagnetic theory study of surface enhancement factors for silver, gold, copper, lithium, sodium, aluminum, gallium, indium, zinc, and cadmium," J. Physical Chemistry, Vol. 91, No. 3, 634-643, 1987.
doi:10.1021/j100287a028

29. Kelly, K. L., E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 107, 668-677, 2003.
doi:10.1021/jp026731y

30. Zhou, X., M. Zhang, L. Yi, and Y. Fu, "Investigation of resonance modulation of a single rhombic plasmonic nanoparticle," Plasmonics, Vol. 6, 91-98, 2011.
doi:10.1007/s11468-010-9173-4

31. Dmitriev, A., C. H?gglund, S. Chen, H. Fredriksson, T. Pakizeh, M. K?ll, and D. S. Sutherland, "Enhanced nanoplasmonic optical sensors with reduced substrate effect," Nano Letters, Vol. 8, No. 11, 3893-3898, 2008.
doi:10.1021/nl8023142

32. Xu, H. and M. K?ll, "Modeling the optical response of nanoparticle-based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Sensors and Actuators B, Vol. 87, 244-249, 2002.
doi:10.1016/S0925-4005(02)00243-5

33. Brandl, D. W., C. Oubre, and P. Nordlander, "Plasmon hybridization in nanoshell dimers," J. of Chemical Physics, Vol. 123, 024701-024711, 2005.
doi:10.1063/1.1949169

34. Prodan, E. and P. Nordlander, "Plasmon hybridization in spherical nanoparticles," J. of Chemical Physics, Vol. 120, No. 11, 5444-5454, 2004.
doi:10.1063/1.1647518

35. Xu, H. and M. K?ll, "Polarization-dependent surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of isolated silver nanoaggregates," ChemPhysChem, Vol. 4, No. 9, 1001-1005, 2003.
doi:10.1002/cphc.200200544

36. Brown, R. J. C., J. Wang, and M. J. T. Milton, "Electromagnetic modelling of Raman enhancement from nanoscale structures as a means to predict the e±cacy of SERS substrates ," J. of Nanomaterials, Vol. 12086, 1-10, 2007.
doi:10.1155/2007/12086

37. Xu, H., J. Aizpurua, M. K?ll, and P. Apell, "Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced Raman scattering ," Physiacal Review E, Vol. 62, No. 3, 4318-4324, 2000.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.62.4318

38. Gunnarsson, L., E. J. Bjerneld, H. Xu, S. Petronis, B. Kasemo, and M. K?ll, "Interparticle coupling effects in nanofabricated substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 78, No. 6, 802-804, 2000.
doi:10.1063/1.1344225

39. De Garcia, A. F. J. and J. B. Pendry, "Collective theory for surface enhanced Raman scattering," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, No. 6, 1163-1166, 1996.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.1163

40. Brown, R. J. C., J. Wang, R. Tantra, Y. Re, and M. J. T. Milton, "Electromagnetic modelling of Raman enhancement from nanoscale substrates a route to estimation of the magnitude of the chemical enhancement mechanism in SERS ," Faraday Discussions, Vol. 132, 201-213, 2006.
doi:10.1039/b506751k

41. Schatz, G. C., M. A. Young, and R. P. van Duyne, Electromagnetic Mechanism of SERS, 19-45, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.

42. Brandl, D. W., N. A. Mirin, and P. Nordlander, "Plasmon modes of nanosphere trimers and quadrumers," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, 12302-12310, 2006.
doi:10.1021/jp0613485

43. Shegai, T., Z. Li, T. Dadosh, Z. Zhang, H. Xu, and G. Haran, "Managing light polarization via plasmon-molecule interactions within an asymmetric metal nanoparticle trimer," PNAS, Vol. 105, No. 43, 16448-16453, 2008.
doi:10.1073/pnas.0808365105

44. Baer, R., D. Neuhauser, and S. Weiss, "Enhanced absorption induced by a metallic nanoshell," Nano Letters, Vol. 4, No. 1, 85-88, 2004.
doi:10.1021/nl034902k

45. Wang, H., D. W. Brandl, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, "Plasmonic nanostructures artificial molecules," Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 40, No. 1, 53-62, 2007.
doi:10.1021/ar0401045

46. Brandl, D. W. and P. Nordlander, "Plasmon modes of curvilinear metallic core-shell particles," J. of Chemical Physics, Vol. 126, 144708-144718, 2007.
doi:10.1063/1.2717167

47. Oubre, C. and P. Nordlander, "Optical properties of metallodi-electric nanostructures calculated using the finite difference time domain method," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 108, 17740-17747, 2004.
doi:10.1021/jp0473164

48. Radloff, C. and N. J. Halas, "Plasmonic properties of concentric nanoshells," Nano Letters, Vol. 4, No. 7, 1323-1327, 2004.
doi:10.1021/nl049597x

49. Prodan, E., C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, "A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures," Science, Vol. 302, No. 17, 419-424, 2003.
doi:10.1126/science.1089171

50. Xu, H., "Multilayered metal core-shell nanostructures for inducing a large and tunable local optical field," Physical Review B, Vol. 72, No. 073405, 1-4, 2005.

51. Le, F., N. Z. Lwin, J. M. Steele, M. Ka, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, "Plasmons in the metallic nanoparticle-film system as a tunable impurity problem," Nano Letters, Vol. 10, No. 5, 2009-2013, 2005.
doi:10.1021/nl0515100

52. Nordlander, P. and P. Le, "Plasmonic structure and electromagnetic field enhancements in the metallic nanoparticle-film system," Applied Physics B, Vol. 84, 35-41, 2006.
doi:10.1007/s00340-006-2203-4

53. Le, F., N. Z. Lwin, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, "Plasmonic interactions between a metallic nanoshell and a thin metallic film," Physical Review B, Vol. 76, No. 165410, 1-12, 2007.

54. Richards, D., R. G. Milner, F. Huang, and F. Festy, "Tip-enhanced Raman microscopy practicalities and limitations," J. of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 34, 663-667, 2003.
doi:10.1002/jrs.1046

55. Hao, F., C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, and P. Nordlander, "Plasmon resonances of a gold nanostar," Nano Letters, Vol. 7, No. 3, 729-732, 2007.
doi:10.1021/nl062969c

56. Willingham, B., D. W. Brandl, and P. Nordlander, "Plasmon hybridization in nanorod dimers," Applied Physics B, Vol. 93, 209-216, 2008.
doi:10.1007/s00340-008-3157-5

57. Voshchinnikov, N. V. and V. G. Farafonov, "Optical properties of spheroidal particles," Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 204, No. 1, 19-85, 1993.
doi:10.1007/BF00658095

58. Aizpurua, J., P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Kall, G. W. Bryant, and A. F. J. de Garcia, "Optical properties of gold nanorings," Physical Review B, Vol. 90, No. 5, 0574011-0574014, 2003.

59. Mayergoyz, I. D. and Z. Zhang, "Modeling of the electrostatic (plasmon) resonances in metallic and semiconductor nanoparticles," J. of Computational Electronics, Vol. 4, 139-143, 2005.
doi:10.1007/s10825-005-7125-6

60. Mayergoyz, I. D. and Z. Zhang, "The computation of extinction cross sections of resonant metallic nanoparticles subject to optical radiation," IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, Vol. 43, No. 4, 1681-1684, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TMAG.2007.892500

61. Vernon, K. C., A. M. Funston, C. Novo, D. E. Gomez, P. Mulvaney, and T. J. Davis, "Influence of particle-substrate interaction on localized plasmon resonances," Nano Letters, Vol. 10, 2080-2086, 2010.
doi:10.1021/nl100423z

62. Zhang, Z. Y. and Y. P. Zhaoa, "Tuning the optical absorption properties of Ag nanorods by their topologic shapes: A discrete dipole approximation calculation," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, 023110-023112, 2006.
doi:10.1063/1.2221403

63. Hao, E., S. Li, R. C. Bailey, S. Zou, G. C. Schatz, and J. T. Hupp, "Optical properties of metal nanoshells," J. Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 108, 1224-1229, 2004.
doi:10.1021/jp036301n

64. Byun, K. M., D. Kimb, and S. J. Kima, "Investigation of the profile effect on the sensitivity enhancement of nanowire-mediated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Sensors and Actuators B, Vol. 117, 401-407, 2006.
doi:10.1016/j.snb.2005.11.038

65. Xu, H., E. J. Bjerneld, M. K?ll, and L. B?rjesson, "Spectroscopy of single hemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 21, No. 83, 4357-4360, 1999.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.4357

66. Zhang, Z. Y. and Y. P. Zhaoa, "Optical properties of helical Ag nanostructures calculated by discrete dipole approximation method," Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, 221501-221503, 2007.
doi:10.1063/1.2743938

67. Dutta, C. M., T. A. Ali, D. W. Brandl, T. H. Park, and P. Nordlander, "Plasmonic properties of a metallic torus," J. of Chemical Physics, Vol. 129, 084706-084714, 2008.
doi:10.1063/1.2971192

68. Yang, Z., J. Aizpurua, and H. Xu, "Electromagnetic field enhancement in TERS configurations," Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 40, No. 10, 1343-1348, 2009.
doi:10.1002/jrs.2429