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Multiple Time Scales Optical Nonlinearities of Liquid Crystals for Optical-Terahertz-Microwave Applications (Invited Review)
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 147, 37-56, 2014
We provide a critical account of the dynamics of laser induced refractive index changing mechanisms in nematic liquid crystals which may be useful for all-optical switching and modulation applications in the visible as well as the Terahertz and long-wavelength regime. In particular, the magnitude and response times of optical Kerr effects associated with director axis reorientation, thermal and order parameter changes, coupled flow-reorientation effects and individual molecular electronic responses are thoroughly investigated and documented, along with exemplary experimental demonstrations. Emphases are placed on identifying parameter sets that will enable all-optical switching with much faster response times compared to their conventional electro-optics counterparts.
Iam Choon Khoo, and Shuo Zhao, "Multiple Time Scales Optical Nonlinearities of Liquid Crystals for Optical-Terahertz-Microwave Applications (Invited Review)," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 147, 37-56, 2014.

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93. Chen, C.-W., H.-C. Jau, C.-T. Wang, C.-H. Lee, I. C. Khoo, and T.-H. Lin, "Random lasing in blue phase liquid crystals," Optics Express, Vol. 20, No. 21, 23978-23984, 2012.

94. Khoo, I. C., K. L. Hong, S. Zhao, D. Ma, and T.-H. Lin, "Blue-phase liquid crystal cored optical fiber array with photonic bandgaps and nonlinear transmission properties," Optics Express, Vol. 21, No. 4, 4319-4327, 2013.

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