Vol. 134
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 178 [2023] PIER 177 [2023] PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2012-11-27
Foreign Object Detection Based on Circular Bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 134, 301-322, 2013
Abstract
Synthetic Aperture Radar is well known for producing a radar image of the ground, so it can be used for detecting on-the-ground object which is interesting for some applications. A possible application can be Foreign Object Detection (FOD), which is an important issue in aviation safety. A ground-based Circular Bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar (Circular-BiSAR) is introduced in this paper. The circular movement makes it more practical while the bistatic configuration offers some advantages. Wideband Linear Frequency Modulated (LFM) chirp pulses are employed here, for transmission and reception of reflection pulses to and from the under test object. A simulated model is developed for the system which analyzes the transmitting, receiving, Doppler and LFM signals by considering the distances and movement of antennas. A prototype system is launched, and some experiments are done to detect and localize various objects based on their reflection properties of microwaves. A processing algorithm is proposed in this paper to confirm the detection. The results show that the proposed system can detect and localize on-the ground objects with as small a dimension as 2 cm height and 2 cm diameter located several metres away.
Citation
Mojtaba Mohammadpoor, Raja Syamsul Azmir Raja Abdullah, Alyani Ismail, and Ahmad Fauzi Abas, "Foreign Object Detection Based on Circular Bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 134, 301-322, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIER12062401
References

1. Procaccio, F. A., Effectiveness of FOD Control Measures, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Worldwide Campus, 2008.

2. Patrick, D. L., P. R. D. Beasley, and Q. Qineti, "TarsierĀ®, a unique radar for helping to keep debris off airport runways," The IET Seminar on the Future of Civil Radar, 2006.

3. Chang, Y.-L., C.-Y. Chiang, and K.-S. Chen, "SAR image simulation with application to target recognition," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 119, 35-57, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11061507

4. Chen, J., J. Gao, Y. Zhu, W. Yang, and P. Wang, "A novel image formation algorithm for high-resolution wide-swath spaceborne SAR using compressed sensing on azimuth displacement phase center antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 125, 527-543, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER11121101

5. Zhou, Z.-S., W. M. Boerner, and M. Sato, "Development of a ground-based polarimetric broadband SAR system for noninvasive ground-truth validation in vegetation monitoring," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 42, No. 9, 1803-1810, 2004.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2004.832248

6. Shi, J., X. Zhang, and J. Yang, "Principle and methods on bistatic SAR signal processing via time correlation," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 46, No. 10, 3163-3178, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.920369

7. Cherniakov, M., "Space-surface bistatic synthetic aperture radar - Prospective and problems," RADAR, 2002.

8. Cherniakov, M., Editor, Bistatic Radar: Principles and Practice, John Wiley, Chichester, 2007.

9. Soumekh, M., Synthetic Aperature Radar Signal Processing with MATLAB Algorithms, John Wiley, New York, 1999.

10. Majumder, U., et al., "Synthetic aperture radar moving target indication processing of along-track monopulse nonlinear gotcha data," IEEE Radar Conference, 1-6, May 2009.
doi:10.1109/RADAR.2009.4977055

11. Yan, W., J.-D. Xu, G. Wei, L. Fu, and H.-B. He, "A fast 3D imaging technique for near-field circular SAR processing," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 129, 271-285, 2012.

12. Mohammadpoor, M., R. R. Abdullah, A. Ismail, and A. F. Abas, "A circular synthetic aperture radar for on-the-ground object detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 122, 269-292, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER11082201

13. Duersch, M. I., "BYU micro-SAR: A very small, low-power, LFM-CW synthetic aperture radar,", Master's Thesis, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, 2004.

14. Chua, M. Y. and V. C. Koo, "FPGA-based chirp generator for high resolution UAV SAR," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 99, 71-88, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09100301

15. Abdullah, R. R., M. MohammadPoor, A. Ismail, and A. F. Abas, "A multistatic circular synthetic aperture radar for small object detection," IEEE Radar Conference, Kansas City, MO, USA, 2011.

16. Willis, N. J., Bistatic Radar, SciTech Publishing, 2005.

17. O'Donnell, M. J., Airport Foreign Object Debris/Damage (FOD), Federal Aviation Administration, Landover MD., U.S.D.O. Transportation, 2009.

18. Cherniakov, M, et al., "Automatic ground target classification using forward scattering radar," IEE Proceedings - Radar, Sonar and Navigation, Vol. 153, No. 5, 427-437, 2006.
doi:10.1049/ip-rsn:20050028

19. Sun, J. P., et al., "Extended exact transfer function algorithm for bistatic SAR of translation invariant case," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 99, 89-108, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09091203

20. Huang, N. E. and S. S. Shen, Hilbert-Huang Transform and Its Applications, Vol. 5, World Scientific Pub Co Inc., 2005.

21. Chen, W., R. Chen, and D. Ding, "Application of hilbert-huang transform to MMW doppler radar," International Conference on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology, ICMMT Proceedings, April 21-24, 2008.