Extraction of vegetation water content and soil moisture from microwave observations requires development of a high fidelity scattering model. A number of factors associated with the vegetation canopy and with the underlying bare soil should be taken into account. In this paper,w e propose an electromagnetic scattering model for a soybean canopy which includes the coherent effect due to the soybean structure and takes advantage of recently advanced scattering models for rough surface. We also take care of some other issues, such as including curvature effect in studying the ground bounce scattering mechanisms,and using array theory with perturbation for characterizing the inter-plant structure to account for the prevailing agriculture practice of soybean. Good agreements are obtained between the model results and measurement data.
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