This study investigated the relationship between temperature elevation and spatial-average SAR (specific absorption rate) in a head model of a Japanese male due to a dipole antenna. The frequencies considered are in the range between 800MHz and 3 GHz, which are used in wireless communications. Our attention focuses on the average mass of SAR which maximizes the correlation with local temperature elevation. Computational results suggested that an appropriate averaging mass of SAR did not exist over wide frequencies, which was attributed to the frequency-dependent penetration depth of electromagnetic waves. For most cases considered in this study the SAR averaging over 10 g was better than that for 1-g from the standpoint of correlating the temperature elevation. The dominant factor influencing this averaging mass is the thermal diffusion length which largely depends on the blood perfusion rate. Additionally, the heat evolved in the pinna played an important role in the correlation between spatialaverage SAR and temperature elevation.
"On Averaging Mass of SAR Correlating with Temperature Elevation Due to a Dipole Antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research,
Vol. 84, 221-237, 2008. doi:10.2528/PIER08072704
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