Vol. 99
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2009-11-14
Extended Exact Transfer Function Algorithm for Bistatic SAR of Translational Invariant Case
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 99, 89-108, 2009
Abstract
This paper presents an Extended Exact Transfer Function (EETF) algorithm for Bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar (BiSAR) imaging of a Translational Invariant (TI) case. This algorithm adopts directly the 2D transfer function of monostatic SAR (MoSAR), instead of deriving a new one, by converting the BiSAR into an equivalent MoSAR. A new azimuth phase compensation function is constructed through exploiting this equivalency. Geometry distortion correction for BiSAR imaging result is considered in the proposed algorithm. In addition, the applying condition of the algorithm is also discussed. One desirable property of the proposed algorithm is that the computing flow and efficiency are the same as ETF algorithm for MoSAR. The effectiveness is validated by point target simulations with Tandem and forward-looking configuration.
Citation
Jinping Sun Shiyi Mao Guohua Wang Wen Hong , "Extended Exact Transfer Function Algorithm for Bistatic SAR of Translational Invariant Case," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 99, 89-108, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09091203
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=09091203
References

1. Ben Kassem, M. J., J. Saillard, and A. Khenchaf, "BISAR mapping I. Theory and modeling," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 61, 39-65, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05092201

2. Ben Kassem, M. J., J. Saillard, and A. Khenchaf, "BISAR mapping II. Treatment, simulation and experimentation," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 61, 67-87, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER06012403

3. Krieger, G. and A. Moreira, "Spaceborne bi- and multistatic SAR: Potentials and challenges," IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig., Vol. 153, No. 3, 184-198, 2006.
doi:10.1049/ip-rsn:20045111

4. Ender, J., "A step to bistatic SAR processing," Proc. of EUSAR, 356-359, 2004.

5. Ender, J., I. Walterscheid, and A. Brenner, "New aspects of bistatic SAR: Processing and experiments," Proc. of IGARSS, 1758-1762, 2004.

6. Walterscheid, I., J. Ender, A. Brenner, and O. Loffeld, "Bistatic SAR processing and experiments," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 44, No. 10, 2710-2717, 2006.
doi:10.1049/ip-rsn:20045117

7. Dubois-Fernandez, P., H. Cantalloube, B. Vaizan, G. Krieger, R. Horn, M. Wendler, and V. Giroux, "ONERA-DLR bistatic SAR campaign: Planning, data acquisition, and first analysis of bistatic scattering behaviour of natural and urban targets," IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig., Vol. 153, No. 3, 214-223, 2006.
doi:10.1049/ip-rsn:20045091

8. Yates, G., A. M. Horne, A. P. Blake, R. Middleton, and D. B. Andre, "Bistatic SAR image formation," IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig., Vol. 153, No. 3, 208-213, 2006.
doi:10.1109/LGRS.2007.894144

9. Marcos, J., P. Dekker, J. Mallorqui, A. Aguasca, and P. Prats, "SABRINA: A SAR bistatic receiver for interferometric application," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., Vol. 4, No. 2, 307-311, 2007.

10. Ding, Y. and D. C. Munson Jr., "A fast back-projection algorithm for bistatic SAR imaging," IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, Vol. 2, 449-452, 2002.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2004.835295

11. Loffeld, O., H. Nies, V. Peters, and S. Knedlik, "Models and useful relations for bistatic SAR," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 42, No. 10, 2031-2038, 2004.

12. Walterscheid, I., J. Ender, A. Brenner, and O. Loffeld, "Bistatic SAR processing using an omega-k type algorithm," Proc. of IGARSS, Vol. 2, 1064-1067, 2005.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.872725

13. Natroshvili, K., O. Loffeld, H. Nies, A. M. Ortiz, and S. Knedlik, "Focusing of general bistatic SAR configuration data with 2-D inverse scaled FFT," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 44, No. 10, 2718-2727, 2006.

14. Giroux, C., H. Cantalloube, and F. Daout, "An Omega-K algorithm for SAR bistatic systems," Proc. of IGARSS, Vol. 2, 1060-1063, 2005.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.917497

15. Qiu, X. L., D. H. Hu, and C. B. Ding, "An Omega-K algorithm with phase error compensation for bistatic SAR of a translational invariant case," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 46, No. 8, 2224-2232, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2004.830166

16. D'Aria, D., A. M. Guarnieri, and F. Rocca, "Focusing bistatic synthetic aperture radar using dip move out," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 42, No. 7, 1362-1376, 2004.
doi:10.1109/36.921412

17. Wong, F. H. and T. S. Yeo, "New applications of nonlinear chirp scaling in SAR data processing," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 39, No. 5, 946-953, 2001.

18. Bamler, R., F. Meyer, and W. Liebhar, "No math: Bistatic SAR processing using numerically computed transfer functions," Proc. of IGARSS, 1844-1847, 2006.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.895436

19. Bamler, R., F. Meyer, and W. Liebhart, "Processing of bistatic SAR data from quasi-stationary configurations," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 45, No. 11, 3350-3358, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAES.2004.1386870

20. Rigling, B. D. and R. L. Moses, "Polar format algorithm for bistatic SAR," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 40, No. 4, 1147-1159, 2004.
doi:10.1109/LGRS.2007.894144

21. Neo, Y., F.Wong, and I. Cumming, "A two-dimensional spectrum for bistatic SAR processing using series reversion," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., Vol. 4, No. 2, 307-311, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.918015

22. Geng, X., H. Yan, and Y. Wang, "A two-dimensional spectrum model for general bistatic SAR," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 46, No. 8, 2216-2223, 2008.

23. Bamler, R., "A systematic comparison of SAR focusing algorithms," Proc. of IGARSS '91, 1005-1009, 1991.

24. Chang, C. Y., M. Y. Jin, and J. C. Curlander, "SAR processing based on the exact two-dimentional transfer function," Proc. of IGARSS '92, 355-359, 1992.
doi:10.1109/TAES.2004.1292176

25. Eldhuset, K., "Ultra high resolution spaceborne SAR processing," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 4, No. 1, 370-378, 2004.

26. Raney, R. K. and P. W. Vachon, "A phase preserving SAR processor," Proc. of IGARSS, 2588-2591, 1989.

27. Cumming, I. G. and F. Wong, Digital Processing of Synthetic Aperture Radar, Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2005.