Vol. 106
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2010-07-13
Shaping the Radiation Pattern with MU and Epsilon-Near-Zero Metamaterials
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 106, 107-119, 2010
Abstract
In this paper, mu and epsilon-near-zero (MENZ) metamaterials are used to convert the waves emitted from an embedded line source to various waveforms. The simulation results show that the converted waveforms are consistent with the exit face shape of the metamaterials. The power distributions in different beams are dependent on the length proportion of the exit faces due to its impedance matching with the surrounding media, which is different from the epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) metamaterials. A numerical verification with the finite element method (FEM) was presented, followed by physical insights into this phenomenon and theoretical analysis. We also propose some potential applications, including high directive emissions, multi-beams emissions.
Citation
Bo Wang Ka-Ma Huang , "Shaping the Radiation Pattern with MU and Epsilon-Near-Zero Metamaterials," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 106, 107-119, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10060103
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=10060103
References

1. Tretyakov, S., I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, "Waves and energy in chiral nihility," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 17, No. 5, 695-706, 2003.
doi:10.1163/156939303322226356

2. Smith, D. R., J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltsgire, "Metamaterials and negative refractive index," Science, Vol. 305, 788, 2004.
doi:10.1126/science.1096796

3. Lepetit, T., E. Akmansoy, and J. P. Ganne, "Experimental measurement of negative index in an all-dielectric metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 2009.

4. Shelby, R. A., D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science, Vol. 292, 77, 2001.
doi:10.1126/science.1058847

5. Akhlesh, L., "An electromagnetic trinity from negative permittivity and negative permeability," International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2002.

6. Pendry, J. B., "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 85, No. 18, 3966-3969, 2000.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.3966

7. Jiang, W. X., T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, "Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 92, No. 26, 2008..

8. Silveirinha, M. and N. Engheta, "Tunneling of electromagnetic energy through subwavelength channels and bends using ε-near-zero materials," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 97, 157403, 2006.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.157403

9. Tassin, P., X. Sahyoun, and V. Veretennicoff, "Miniaturization of photonic waveguides by the use of left-handed materials," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 92, 203111, 2008.
doi:10.1063/1.2936299

10. Chen, H. and C. T. Chan, "Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 90, No. 24, 2007.

11. Pendry, J. B., D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science, Vol. 312, No. 5781, 1780-1782, 2006.
doi:10.1126/science.1125907

12. Cheng, X., H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, B. Zhang, and B. I. Wu, "Cloaking a perfectly conducting sphere with rotationally uniaxial nihility media in monostatic radar system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 100, 285-298, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER09112002

13. Starr, A. F. and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science, Vol. 314, 2006.

14. Leonhardt, U., "Optical conformal mapping," Science, Vol. 312, No. 5781, 1777-1780, 2006.
doi:10.1126/science.1126493

15. Cheng, Q., W. X. Jiang, and T. J. Cui, "Investigations of the electromagnetic properties of three-dimensional arbitrarily-shaped cloaks," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 94, 105-117, 2008.

16. Zhang, J. J., Y. Luo, H. Chen, and B. I. Wu, "Sensitivity of transformation cloak in engineering," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 84, 93-104, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08071301

17. Vafi, K., A. Javan, and M. Abrishamian, "Dispersive behavior of plasmonic and metamaterial coating on achieving transparency," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 22, No. 7, 941-952, 2008.
doi:10.1163/156939308784150137

18. Alu, A., M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, "Epsilon-near-zero metamaterials and electromagnetic sources: Tailoring the radiation phase pattern," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 75, No. 15, 2007.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.75.155410

19. Ziolkowski, , R. W., "Propagation in and scattering from a matched metamaterial having a zero index of refraction," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 70, 2004.

20. Enoch, S., G. Tayeb, P. Sabouroux, N. Guerin, and P. Vincent, "A metamaterial for directive emission ," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 89, No. 21, 213902, 2002.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.213902

21. Yu, Y., L. F. Shen, L. X. Ran, T. Jiang, and J. T. Huangfu, "Directive emission based on anisotropic metamaterials," Phys. Rev. A , Vol. 77, 2008.

22. Wu, Q., P. Pan, F. Y. L. Meng, W. Li, and J. Wu, "A novel flat lens horn antenna designed based on zero refraction principle of metamaterials," Appl. Phys. A., Vol. 87, 151-156, 2007.
doi:10.1007/s00339-006-3820-9

23. Zhou, H., Z. Pei, S. Qu, S. Zhang, J. Wang, Q. Li, and Z. Xu, "A planar zero-index metamaterial for directive emission," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 7, 953-962, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309788355289

24. Yang, J. J., M. Huang, and J. H. Peng, "Directive emission obtained by Mu and epsilon-near-zero metamaterials," Radio Engineering, Vol. 18, 2009.

25. Weng, Z. B., X. M. Wang, and Y. Song, "A directive patch antenna with arbitrary ring aperture lattice metamaterial structure," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 13, 1763-1772, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309789566879

26. Zhou, H., Z. Pei, and S. Qu, "A planar zero-index metamaterial for directive emission," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 7, 953-962, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309788355289

27. Weng, Z. B., Y. C. Jiao, G. Zhao, and F. S. Zhang, "Design and experiment of one dimension and two dimension metamaterial structures for directive emission," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 70, 199-209, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07010301

28. Zhang, J., Y. Luo, H. Chen, L. Ran, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, "Directive emission obtained by coordinate transformation," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 81, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08091205

29. Kong, F., B. I. Wu, J. A. Kong, J. Huangfu, S. Xi, and H. Chen, .

30. Yang, Y., X. Zhao, and T. Wang, "Design of arbitrarily controlled multi-beam antennas via optical transformation," J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves, Vol. 30, 337-348, 2009.
doi:10.1007/s10762-009-9463-0

31. Turpin, J. P., A. T. Massoud, Z. H. Jiang, P. L. Werner, and D. H. Werner, "Conformal mappings to achieve simple material parameters for transformation optics devices," Optics Express, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2010.
doi:10.1364/OE.18.000244

32. Vendik, I. B., M. A. Odit, and D. S. Kozlov, "3D isotropic metamaterial based on a regular array of resonant dielectric spherical inclusions," Metamaterials, Vol. 3, 140-147, 2009.
doi:10.1016/j.metmat.2009.09.001

33. Anthony, G. and V. E. George, "Isotropic three-dimensional negative-index transmission- line metamaterial," Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 98, 043106, 2005.

34. Baena, J. D., "Electrically small isotropic three-dimensional magnetic resonators for metamaterial design," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 2006.
doi:10.1063/1.2190442

35. Shelby, R. A., D. R. Smith, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Microwave transmission through a two-dimensional, isotropic, left-handed metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 74, No. 4, 2001.

36. Koschny, T., L. Zhang, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Isotropic three-dimensional left-handed metamaterials," Physical Review B, Vol. 71, 2005.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.71.245105

37. Matra, K. and N. Wongkasem, "Left-handed chiral isotropic metamaterials: Analysis and detailed numerical study," Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, Vol. 11, 2009.