Vol. 117
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2011-06-07
Pattern Synthesis of Conformal Arrays by a Modified Particle Swarm Optimization
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 117, 237-252, 2011
Abstract
A method of designing a cylindrical conformal array with shaped-beam and reconfigurable dual-beam using a modified particle swarm optimization algorithm is proposed in this paper. The proposed algorithm is easy to implement and efficient to be used in synthesizing conformal arrays with digital attenuators and digital phase shifters. Moreover, the proposed synthesis has taken the actual active element patterns into account, which can reduce the error between computation and realization. Good agreement can be obtained between the desired patterns and the synthesized patterns.
Citation
Wen-Tao Li Yong-Qiang Hei Xiao-Wei Shi , "Pattern Synthesis of Conformal Arrays by a Modified Particle Swarm Optimization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 117, 237-252, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11032913
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=11032913
References

1. Stotler, M. S. and J. E. Wheeler, "Compact conformal patch antenna," United States Patent, No. US2004/0070536A1, 2004.

2. Vaskelainen, L. I., "Constrained least-squares optimization in conformal array antenna synthesis," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 55, 859-867, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.891860

3. He, Q. Q., H. D. He, and H. Lan, "An e±cient pattern synthesis method for cylindrical phased array antennas," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 4, 473482, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309787612329

4., "Radiation pattern synthesis for arrays of conformal antennas mounted on an irregular curved surface using modi¯ed genetic algorithms," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 10, 1255-1264, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309789108589

5. Wincza, K., S. Gruszczynski, and K. Sachse, "Conformal four-beam antenna arrays with reduced sidelobes," Electron. Lett., Vol. 44, 174-175, 2008.
doi:10.1049/el:20083423

6. Dohmen, C., J. W. Odendaal, and J. Joubert, "Synthesis of conformal arrays with optimized polarization," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 55, 2922-2925, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.905501

7. Park, P. K. and R. S. Robertson, "Electronically scanned dielectric covered continuous slot antenna conformal to the cone for dual mode seeker," United States Patent, No. US6653984B2, 2003.

8. He, Q. Q., B. Z. Wang, and W. Shao, "Radiation pattern calculation for arbitrary conformal arrays that include mutual-coupling effects," IEEE Trans. Propagt. Mag., Vol. 52, 57-63, 2010.

9. Ferreira, J. A. and F. Ares, "Pattern synthesis of conformal arrays by the simulated annealing technique," Electron. Lett., Vol. 33, 1187-1189, 1997.
doi:10.1049/el:19970838

10. Bucci, O. M., G. D'Elia, and G. Romito, "Power synthesis of conformal arrays by a generalized projection method," IEE Proc. Microw. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 142, 467-471, 1995.
doi:10.1049/ip-map:19952290

11. Boeringer, D. W. and D. H. Werner, "Bezier representations for the multiobjective optimization of conformal array amplitude weights," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 54, 1964-1970, 2006.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2006.877173

12. Zhou, P. Y. and M. A. Ingram, "Pattern synthesis for arbitrary arrays using an adaptive array method," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 47, 862-869, 1999.

13. Xu, Z., H. Li, and Q. Z. Liu, "Pattern synthesis of conformal antenna array by the hybrid genetic algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 79, 75-90, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER07091901

14. Zhou, H. J., B. H. Sun, J. F. Li, and Q. Z. Liu, "Effcient optimization and realization of a shaped-beam planar array for very large array application ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 89, 1-10, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER08112503

15. Li, R., L. Xu, X. W. Shi, N. Zhang, and Z. Q. Lv, "Improved differential evolution strategy for antenna array pattern synthesis problems," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 113, 429-441, 2011.

16. Rocca, P., L. Poli, G. Oliveri, and A. Massa, "Synthesis of time-modulated planar arrays with controlled harmonic radiations," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 5--6, 827-838, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310791036304

17. Zhang, S., S. X. Gong, and P. F. Zhang, "A modified PSO for low sidelobe concentric ring arrays synthesis with multiple constraints," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 11--12, 1535-1544, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309789476239

17. Zhang, S., S. X. Gong, and P. F. Zhang, "A modified PSO for low sidelobe concentric ring arrays synthesis with multiple constraints," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 11--12, 1535-1544, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309789476239

18. Eirey-Perez, R., M. Alvarez-Folqueiras, J. A. Rodriquez-Gonzalez, and F. J. Ares-Pena, "Arbitrary footprints from arrays with concentric ring geometry and low dynamic range ratio," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 13, 1795-1806, 2010.

19. Fernandez-Delgado, M., J. A. Rodriquez-Gonzalez, R. Iglsias, S. Barro, and F. J. Ares-Pena, "Fast array thinning using global optimization method," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 16, 2259-2271, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310793699136

20. Li, F., Y. C. Jiao, L. S. Ren, Y. Y. Chen, and L. Zhang, "Pattern synthesis of concentric ring array antennas by differential evolution algorithm," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 25, No. 2--3, 421-430, 2011.
doi:10.1163/156939311794362777

21. Villegas, F. J., "Parallel genetic-algorithm optimization of shaped beam converge areas using planar 2-D phased arrays," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 55, 1745-1753, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.898601

22. Dib, N., S. K. Goudos, and H. Muhsen, "Application of Taguchi's optimization method and self-adaptive differential evolution to the synthesis of linear arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 102, 159-180, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER09122306

23. Lanza, M., J. R. Perez, and J. Basterrechea, "Synthesis of planar arrays using s modified particle swarm optimization algorithm by introducing a selection operator and elitism," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 93, 145-160, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09041303

24. Ou Yang, J., Q. R. Yuan, F. Yang, H. J. Zhou, Z. P. Nie, and Z. Q. Zhao, "Synthesis of conformal phased array with improved NSGA-II algorithm," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 57, 4006-4009, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2026714

25. Ebehart, R. and J. Kennedy, "A new optimizer using particle swarm theory," Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science, 39-43, 1995.
doi:10.1109/MHS.1995.494215

26. Mahanti, G. K., A. Chakraborty, and S. Das, "Design of fully digital controlled reconfigurable array antennas with fixed dynamic range ratio," Journal of Electromagnetics Waves and Applications, Vol. 21, No. 1, 97-106, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939307779391768

27. Mak, A. C. K., C. R. Rowell, and R. D. Murch, "Low cost reconfigurable Landstorfer planar antenna array," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagt., Vol. 57, 3051-3061, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2028593

28. Jamlos, M. F., O. A. Aziz, T. A. Rahman, M. R. Kamarudin, P. Saad, M. T. Ali, and M. N. M. Tan, "A reconfigurable radial line slot array (RLSA) antenna for beam shape and broadside application," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 8--9, 1171-1182, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310791586007

29. Ali, M. T., M. N. Md Tan, T. B. A. Rahman, M. R. B. Kamarudin, M. F. Jamlos, and R. Sauleau , "A novel of reconfigurable planar antenna array (RPAA) with beam steering control," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 20, 125-146, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIERB10020710

30. Mahanti, G. K., S. Das, and A. Chakraborty, "Design of phase-di®erentiated reconfigurable array antennas with minimum," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 20, 2620-264, 2006.

31. De Castro, L. N. and F. J. VonZuben, "Learning and optimization using the clonal selection principle," IEEE Tran. Evolutionary Computation, Vol. 6, 239-251, 2002.
doi:10.1109/TEVC.2002.1011539