Radar features of wind turbines are simulated and studied in the HF band. The features are presented in the range-Doppler plane for single as well as arrays of turbines. Doppler aliasing due to the limited pulse repetition frequency of HF radars is examined. Shadowing characteristics of arrays of turbines are simulated and analyzed. Electromagnetic modeling details including effects of thin-wire modeling, non-conducting turbine components, and the presence of a conducting ground surface are discussed.
"A Study of Radar Features of Wind Turbines in the HF Band," Progress In Electromagnetics Research,
Vol. 143, 605-621, 2013. doi:10.2528/PIER13103106
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