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2005-11-16
About the Interference Induced by Electrons Why Does the Electron Behave Like a Wave
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 58, 199-222, 2006
Abstract
One of the most interesting and peculiar phenomena of Quantum Mechanics is the interference (I ) induced by the electrons. Strangely enough, though the electrons are real particles, they often behave just like waves. From the point of view of the classical mechanics the I induced by the electrons is unexplainable, however it is solved mathematically using the formalism of quantum mechanics and applying Schrödinger's equation. The quantum solution of the problem is clear and elegant, especially from a mathematical point of view, however it still leaves some perplexities as to understand how exactly the phenomenon happens. We will make a hypothesis trying to understand the undulation phenomenon of the electron: it is really a strange and mysterious phenomenon. Maybe if we consider that the electron, just as the baryons and the mesons, might be made of smaller particles (saving the integrity of the unity of the negative electrical charge and the other Laws of Conservation), we could understand more easily how a single electron can go through two close holes at the same time. Analogously we could better understand another very particular quantum phenomenon carried out mainly by electrons, that is the tunnel effect. In this case, though the particle does not have enough energy to go through the potential barrier, though it does not have any material possibility to pass through a layer which does not have any hole, after several "attempts" the particle will manage to pass through the barrier anyway, as it had dug a tunnel, or as it had managed to find a "breach" in the wall. In this phenomenon too, though we can explain it from a mathematical point of view, using the equations of the quantum mechanics, it is still not clear how actually the electron manages to have an undulation behaviour.
Citation
Antonio Puccini , "About the Interference Induced by Electrons Why Does the Electron Behave Like a Wave," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 58, 199-222, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05050903
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=0505093
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