Vol. 86
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
2008-10-09
A Novel Ultra-Compact Broadband Antenna for Microwave Breast Tumor Detection
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 86, 169-198, 2008
Abstract
This paper presents a novel resistively loaded antenna design for microwave breast cancer detection. The antenna is planar and ultra-compact,and can be easily manufactured using PCB technology with embedded thin-film resistive layers. Through numerical simulations,the antenna demonstrates a return loss below -10 dB over a wide frequency range from 2 to 35 GHz. For pulse radiation in the ultra-wideband (UWB) range in a biological medium, the antenna shows an excellent fidelity above 0.95 and a relatively high radiation efficiency of 39.21% in comparison to resistively loaded antennas. In addition,a design rule guideline is presented for designing the antenna to radiate in a specific background medium and with a given lower operating frequency. Finally,a complete microstrip feed design is presented for the antenna operating in the UWB range.
Citation
Houssam Kanj Milica Popovic , "A Novel Ultra-Compact Broadband Antenna for Microwave Breast Tumor Detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 86, 169-198, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08090701
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=08090701
References

1. Fear, E. C., P. M. Meaney, and M. A. Stuchly, "Microwaves for breast cancer detection?," IEEE Potentials, Vol. 22, 12-18, Feb. 2003.
doi:10.1109/MP.2003.1180933

2. Bond, E. J., X. Li, S. C. Hagness, and B. D. V. Veen, "Microwave imaging via space-time beamforming for early detection of breast cancer," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 51, 1690-1705, Aug. 2003.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2003.815446

3. Guo, B., Y. Wang, J. Li, P. Stoica, and R. Wu, "Microwave imaging via adaptive beamforming methods for breast cancer detection," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, 53-63, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306775777350

4. Zainud-Deen, S. H., W. M. Hassen, E. M. Ali, K. H. Awadalla, and H. A. Sharshar, "Breast cancer detection using a hybrid finite difference frequency domain and particle swarm optimization techniques," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 3, 35-46, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB07112703

5. Bindu, G., A. Lonappan, V. Thomas, C. K. Aanandan, and K. T. Mathew, "Active microwave imaging for breast cancer detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 58, 149-169, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05081802

6. Bindu, G., A. Lonappan, V. Thomas, C. K. Aanandan, and K. T. Mathew, "Dielectric studies of corn syrup for applications in microwave breast imaging," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 59, 175-186, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05072801

7. Zhang, H., S. Y. Tan, and H. S. Tan, "A novel method for microwave breast cancer detection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 83, 413-434, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER08062701

8. Nilavalan, R., A. Gbedemah, I. J. Craddock, X. Li, and S. C. Hagness, "Numerical investigation of breast tumour detection using," Electronics Letters, Vol. 39, 1787-1789, Dec. 2003.
doi:10.1049/el:20031183

9. Xie, Y., B. Guo, L. Xu, J. Li, and P. Stoica, "Multi-static adaptive microwave imaging for early breast cancer detection," Proceedings of the 39th ASILOMAR Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers, Pacific Grove, Calif, USA, Oct. 2005.

10. Shao, W., B. Zhou, Z. Zheng, and G. Wang, "UWB microwave imaging for breast tumor detection in inhomogeneous tissue," Proceedings of IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27th Annual International Conference, 1496-1499, Shanghai, China, Sept. 2005.

11. Li, X., S. C. Hagness, M. K. Choi, and D. W. van der Weide, "Numerical and experimental investigation of an ultrawideband ridged pyramidal horn antenna with curved launching plane for pulse radiation," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 2, 259-262, Feb. 2003.

12. Yun, X., E. C. Fear, and R. H. Johnston, "Compact antenna for radar-based breast cancer detection," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 53, 2374-2380, Aug. 2005.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2005.852308

13. Kanj, H. and M. Popovic, "Miniaturized microstrip-fed `Dark Eyes' antenna for near-field microwave sensing," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propagat. Lett., Vol. 4, 397-401, 2005.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2005.859377

14. Rogers website, [Online], http://www.rogerscorporation.com, 2007.

15. Ohmega website, [Online], http://www.ohmega.com/, 2007.

16. Kanj, H. and M. Popovic, "T- and X-arrangement of `Dark Eyes' antennas for microwave sensing array," Proc. IEEE AP-S International Symposium, 1111-1114, Albuquerque, NM, July 2006.

17. IEEE Standard Definitions of Terms for Antennas, 145-1993, IEEE Std., New York, 1993.

18. Balanis, C., Antenna Theory, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY, 1997.

19. Lee, K. F. and W. Chen, Advances in Microstrip and Printed Antennas, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY, 1997.

20. SEMCAD website, [Online] http://www.semcad.com/, 2007.

21. Ansoftwebsite, [Online] http://www.ansoft.com/, 2007.

22. Gazit, E., "Improved design of the vivaldi antenna," IEE Proc., Part H, Vol. 135, No. 2, 89-92, 1988.

23. Montoya, T. P. and G. S. Smith, "A study of pulse radiation from several broad-band loaded monopoles," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 44, 1172-1182, Aug. 1996.
doi:10.1109/8.511827

24. Lamensdorf, D. and L. Susman, "Baseband-pulse-antenna techniques," IEEE Antennas Propagat. Mag., Vol. 36, 20-30, Feb. 1994.
doi:10.1109/74.262629

25. Johnson components, [Online] http://www.emersonnetworkpower, 2007.