The high squint diving SAR is widely used to provide the information in advance. Large squint angle deduces the deeper coupling of range and azimuth of SAR echoes which makes SAR imaging more difficult. Especially, the large range migration of the deep couple heavily burdens the imaging processing time and storage units. The diving motion of platform worsens the situation. This paper proposes the varied azimuth sample frequency (Pulse Repeat Frequency, PRF) to implement the high squint diving SAR imaging. Based on the signal model of the diving squint SAR, it is analyzed that the range walk is the prominent component of range migration in the high squint SAR. The varied PRF imaging method dramatically decreases the range walk of echoes by shifting the beginning position of transmitted pulses and received echoes and the shift is implemented by the PRF variation. Then the range migration is decreased and the couple of range and azimuth of SAR echoes is reduced. The PRF variation law is deduced and the applicable condition of varied PRF is presented. The simulation results show that the variable PRF method is efficient to reduce range walk of echoes. Comparison to the traditional constant PRF, the novel variable PRF method for high squint needs less storage and less time expense, which is helpful to real time SAR imaging. The non-uniform FFT can be used for the azimuth compressing of the variable PRF SAR. It will simplify the implementation of the variable PRF SAR imaging.
"A Variable Prf Imaging Method for High Squint Diving SAR," Progress In Electromagnetics Research,
Vol. 135, 215-229, 2013. doi:10.2528/PIER12112304
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