Vol. 01
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIER 176 [2023] PIER 175 [2022] PIER 174 [2022] PIER 173 [2022] PIER 172 [2021] PIER 171 [2021] PIER 170 [2021] PIER 169 [2020] PIER 168 [2020] PIER 167 [2020] PIER 166 [2019] PIER 165 [2019] PIER 164 [2019] PIER 163 [2018] PIER 162 [2018] PIER 161 [2018] PIER 160 [2017] PIER 159 [2017] PIER 158 [2017] PIER 157 [2016] PIER 156 [2016] PIER 155 [2016] PIER 154 [2015] PIER 153 [2015] PIER 152 [2015] PIER 151 [2015] PIER 150 [2015] PIER 149 [2014] PIER 148 [2014] PIER 147 [2014] PIER 146 [2014] PIER 145 [2014] PIER 144 [2014] PIER 143 [2013] PIER 142 [2013] PIER 141 [2013] PIER 140 [2013] PIER 139 [2013] PIER 138 [2013] PIER 137 [2013] PIER 136 [2013] PIER 135 [2013] PIER 134 [2013] PIER 133 [2013] PIER 132 [2012] PIER 131 [2012] PIER 130 [2012] PIER 129 [2012] PIER 128 [2012] PIER 127 [2012] PIER 126 [2012] PIER 125 [2012] PIER 124 [2012] PIER 123 [2012] PIER 122 [2012] PIER 121 [2011] PIER 120 [2011] PIER 119 [2011] PIER 118 [2011] PIER 117 [2011] PIER 116 [2011] PIER 115 [2011] PIER 114 [2011] PIER 113 [2011] PIER 112 [2011] PIER 111 [2011] PIER 110 [2010] PIER 109 [2010] PIER 108 [2010] PIER 107 [2010] PIER 106 [2010] PIER 105 [2010] PIER 104 [2010] PIER 103 [2010] PIER 102 [2010] PIER 101 [2010] PIER 100 [2010] PIER 99 [2009] PIER 98 [2009] PIER 97 [2009] PIER 96 [2009] PIER 95 [2009] PIER 94 [2009] PIER 93 [2009] PIER 92 [2009] PIER 91 [2009] PIER 90 [2009] PIER 89 [2009] PIER 88 [2008] PIER 87 [2008] PIER 86 [2008] PIER 85 [2008] PIER 84 [2008] PIER 83 [2008] PIER 82 [2008] PIER 81 [2008] PIER 80 [2008] PIER 79 [2008] PIER 78 [2008] PIER 77 [2007] PIER 76 [2007] PIER 75 [2007] PIER 74 [2007] PIER 73 [2007] PIER 72 [2007] PIER 71 [2007] PIER 70 [2007] PIER 69 [2007] PIER 68 [2007] PIER 67 [2007] PIER 66 [2006] PIER 65 [2006] PIER 64 [2006] PIER 63 [2006] PIER 62 [2006] PIER 61 [2006] PIER 60 [2006] PIER 59 [2006] PIER 58 [2006] PIER 57 [2006] PIER 56 [2006] PIER 55 [2005] PIER 54 [2005] PIER 53 [2005] PIER 52 [2005] PIER 51 [2005] PIER 50 [2005] PIER 49 [2004] PIER 48 [2004] PIER 47 [2004] PIER 46 [2004] PIER 45 [2004] PIER 44 [2004] PIER 43 [2003] PIER 42 [2003] PIER 41 [2003] PIER 40 [2003] PIER 39 [2003] PIER 38 [2002] PIER 37 [2002] PIER 36 [2002] PIER 35 [2002] PIER 34 [2001] PIER 33 [2001] PIER 32 [2001] PIER 31 [2001] PIER 30 [2001] PIER 29 [2000] PIER 28 [2000] PIER 27 [2000] PIER 26 [2000] PIER 25 [2000] PIER 24 [1999] PIER 23 [1999] PIER 22 [1999] PIER 21 [1999] PIER 20 [1998] PIER 19 [1998] PIER 18 [1998] PIER 17 [1997] PIER 16 [1997] PIER 15 [1997] PIER 14 [1996] PIER 13 [1996] PIER 12 [1996] PIER 11 [1995] PIER 10 [1995] PIER 09 [1994] PIER 08 [1994] PIER 07 [1993] PIER 06 [1992] PIER 05 [1991] PIER 04 [1991] PIER 03 [1990] PIER 02 [1990] PIER 01 [1989]
0000-00-00
Complex Resistivity of the Earth
By
, Vol. 01, 1-173, 1989
Abstract
Citation
James Richard Wait , "Complex Resistivity of the Earth," , Vol. 01, 1-173, 1989.
doi:10.2528/PIER88060100
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=880601
References

1. Aguirre, G. and J. R. Wait, "Resistivity and I. P. response of a thin sheet," Pure and Appl. Geophysics, Vol. 123, 882-892, 1985.
doi:

504 Gateway Time-out


2. Appario, A. and V. S. Sarma, "A modified pseudo-depth section as a tool in resistivity and I. P. prospecting," Geophysical Research Bulletin (India), Vol. 19, 187-208, 1981.
doi:The server didn't respond in time.

3. Balasanyar, S. Yu., "The mechanism of I. P. of geological medium Izvestia," Earth Physics, Vol. 16, 543-545, 1980, (an editorial on the ``fallacy" of the common approach to the mechanism of I. P. by transplantation of the theories of physical chemistry into geophysics).
doi:

4. Barnett, C. T., Theoretical modelling of I. P. effects due to arbitrarily shaped bodies, Ph.D. thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, 1972.

5. Belluigi, A., "The need of revising the apparatus employed in the measurement of the electrochemical effect of the ground," Beitr. z. angew. Geophys., Vol. 5, 169-177, 1936.

6. Bertin, J. and J. Loeb, Experimental and Theoretical Aspects of I. P., Gebroder Borntraeger, Berlin, 1976.

7. Bleil, D. F., "I. P.: A method of geophysical surveying," Geophysics, Vol. 18, 636-661, 1953.

8. Buchheitn, W., "Prinzipielles zur I. P.-Method mit Requenz Variation," Geophysik u. Geologie, No. 5, 14-16, 1963.

9. Buchheim, W. and G. Irmer, "Theory of induced galvanic polarization in solids with electrolyte-filled pores," Gerlands Beitr. Geophys., Vol. 88, 53-72, 1979.

10. Chew, W. C. and P. N. Sen, "Dielectric enhancement due to electrochemical double layer: Thin double layer approximation," Journal Chemical Physics, Vol. 77, 4683-4692, 1982.

11. Collett, L. S., "Laboratory investigations at overvoltage," (i.e, I. P.) in Overvoltage Research and Geophysical Applications, (ed. by J. R. Wait), Pergamon, 1959.

12. Daknov, V. N., M. G. Latishova, and V. A. Ryapolov, "Investigations of wells by the I. P. method," The Log Analyst, 46-82, Nov./Dec. 1967.

13. Daniels, J. J., "3-D resistivity and I. P. modelling using buried electrodes," Geophysics, Vol. 42, 1006-1019, 1977.

14. DeWitt, G. W., Parametric studies of I. P. spectra, unpublished M.S. thesis, University of Utah, 1978.

15. Dias, C. A., A non-grounded method for measuring induced electric polarization and conductivity, Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1968.

16. Dieter, K., N. R. Patterson, and F. S. Grant, "I. P. and resistivity type curves for 3-D bodies," Geophysics, Vol. 34, 615-632, 1969.

17. Edwards, L. S., "A modified pseudosection for resistivity and I. P.," Geophysics, Vol. 42, 1020-1035, 1977.

18. Eskola, L., E. Floranta, and R. Puranen, "A. method for calculating I. P. anomalies with surface polarization," Geophpical Prospecting, Vol. 32, 79-87, 1984.

19. Fink, J., "Warburg Impedance --- what it is and what it isn't," S. E. G. 50th Annual Meeting, Houston, November 1980.

20. Freedman, R. and J. P. Vogiatzis, "Theory of I. P. logging in a borehole," Geophysics, Vol. 57, 1830-1849, 1986.

21. Fricke, H. and S. Morse, "An experimental study of the electrical conductivity of disperse systems, I.," Phys. Rev., Vol. 26, 361-367, 1925.

22. Fricke, H., "A mathematical treatment of the electrical conductivity and capacity of disperse systems, II," Phys. Rev., Vol. 26, 678-681, 1925.

23. Fricke, H., "The electric conductivity and capacity of disperse systems," Physics, Vol. 1, 106-115, 931. (Deals with suspensions of biological cells whose interior is a well conducting salt solution but, at its surface, there is an insulating membrane. He discusses a postulated equivalent circuit and shows measured effective capacitance of the suspension at audio frequencies.).

24. Fricke, H., "The Maxwell-Wagner dispersion in a suspension of ellipsoids," J. Physicd Chemistry, Vol. 57, 934-937, 1953.

25. Grisseman, C., "Examination of the frequency-dependent conductivity of ore-containing rock or artificial models," Sci. Report, No. 2, Electronics Lab, University of Innsbruck, July 15, 1971. [U. S. Government Contract F-44620-71-(2-007, NTIA Doc. AD 73131225.1 (Employed ``Wait model" to predict I. P. response of coated mineral grains with a Warburg interface impedance and showed reasonable agreement with laboratory data.).

26. Grow, L. M., "I. P. for geophysical exploration," Leading Edge, Vol. 1, 55-66, 69-70, (SEG publication), 1982.

27. Gruszka, T. P. and J. R. Wait, "EM coupling ``removal" from I. P.," URSI Open Symposium on Wave Prvpagation, Durham, New Hampshire, July 1986.

28. Guptasarma, P., "Effect of surface polarization or resistivity modelling," Geophysics, Vol. 48, 98-106, 1983. [Eqn. (1) seems invalid because it refers to a pure dielectric.].

29. Hallof, P. G. and W. H. Pelton, "The removal of inductive coupling effects from spectral I. P. data," WEG 50th Int'l. Meeting, November 1980.

30. Hohmann, G. H., P. P. Kintzinger, G. D. van Voorhis, and S. H. Ward, "Evaluation of the measurement of induced electric polarization with an inductive system," Geophysics, Vol. 35, 901-915, 1970.

31. Hohmann, G. W., "3-D I. P. and EM modelling," Geophysics, Vol. 40, 309-324, 1975.

32. Iliceto, V., A. Santarato, and S. Veronese, "An approach to the identification of fine sediments by I. P. laboratory measurements," Geophysical Prospecting, Vol. 30, 331-347, 1982.

33. Kan, R. and P. N. Sen, "Electrolytic conduction in periodic arrays of insulators with charges," J. Chemical Physics, Vol. 86, 5748-5756, 1987.

34. Karous, M., "I. P. anomaly above a sphere," GeoExploration, Vol. 21, 49-63, 1983.

35. Klein, J. K., T. Biegler, and M. D. Horne, "Mineral interfacial processes in the method of I. P.," Geophysics, Vol. 49, 1105-1114, 1984. (Using the rotation electrode method, shows that Warburg impedance model is not valid for pyrite/electrolyte interface.).

36. Lee, T., "The Cole-Cole model in time domain I. P.," Geophy.sics, Vol. 46, 860-868, 1981.

37. Levislaaya, T. S. M., "Dielectric relaxation in rock," Izvestiya Earth Physics, Vol. 20, 777-780, 1984. (bridge measurements of ε and tanδ from 50 to 29,000 Hz. for NaCl saturated samples.).

38. Lewis, R. G. and T. B. Lee, "The detection of I. P. with a transient EM system," IEEE Trans. GE, Vol. 22, 69-80, 1984.

39. Major, J. and J. Silic, "Restrictions on the use of Cole-Cole dispersion models in complex resistivity interpretation," Geophysics, Vol. 46, 916-931, 1981.

40. Maxwell Gamett, J. C., "Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A, Vol. 203, 385-420, 1904. (extends J. Clerk Mxcwell's mixture formulae to optical scattering from particulates).

41. McChadran, R. C. and D. R. McKenzie, "The conductivity of spheres I, the simple cubic lattice," Proc. Roy. Soc. London, Vol. A-359, 45-63, 1978. (gives corrections to Rayleigh's 1892's formulations).

42. Losito, G. and G. Finizi-Cortini, "Laboratory instrumentation to study changes of electrical conductivity of rocks with changes of frequency, temperature and pressure," Geophysical Prospecting, Vol. 29, 923-931, 1981.

43. Madden, T. R. and D. J. Marshall, "I. P., a study of its causes," Geophysics, Vol. 24, 790-816, 1959.

44. Mahon, M. K., J. D. Redrnan, and D. W. Strangway, "Complex resistivity of synthetic sulphide bearing rock," Geophysical Prospecting, Vol. 34, 743-761, 1986.

45. Mandel, M., "The dielectric constant and Maxwell-Wagner dispersion of a suspension of oriented prolate spheroids," Physics, Vol. 27, 827-840, 1961.

46. Muller, M., "Ergebnisse geoelactrischer Polarisationsmessungen," Zeits. f. Geophysik, Vol. 18, 274-284, 1940.

47. Nabighian, M. S. and C. L. Elliot, "Negative I. P. effects from layered media," Geophysics, Vol. 41, 1236-1255, 1976.

48. Ogilivy, A. and E. N. Kuzmina, "Hydrogeologic and engineering --- geologic possibilities of employing method of I. P.," Geophysics, Vol. 37, 839-861, 1972.

49. Olhoeft, G. R., "Electrical properties of natural clay permafrost," Can. J. Earth Science, Vol. 14, 16-24, 1977.

50. Olhoeft, G. R., "Electrical properties of rocks, Chapter 9," Physical Properties of Rocks, (ed. by Y. S. Youlovkiana and C. Y. Ho), McGraw-Hill, 1981.

51. Parra, G. O., "Effects of pipelines on spectral I. P. surveys," Geophysics, Vol. 49, 1979-1992, 1984.

52. Patella, D. and D. Schiavone, "On the determination of the apparent frequency-effect in the frequency domain I. P. method," GeoExploration, Vol. 14, 81-91, 1976.

53. Patella, D., "Tutorial interpretation of MT measurements over an electrically dispersive 1-D earth," Geophysical Prospecting, Vol. 35, 1-11, 1987.

54. Pelton, W. H., L. Rijo, C. H. Swift, and Jr., "Inversion of 2-D resistivity and I. P. data," Geophysics, Vol. 43, 788-803, 1978.

55. Ramachandyan, M. and N. Sanyal, "EM coupling in IP measurements using some common electrode arrays over a uniform halfspace," GeoExploration, Vol. 18, 97-109, 1980.

56. Rayleigh, Lord, (J. W. Strutt), "On the influence of obstacles arranged in rectangular order for the properties of a medium," Phil. Magazine, Vol. 34, 481-502, 1892.

57. Schwan, H. P., G. Schwarz, J. Maczuk, and H. Pauly, "On the low frequency dielectric dispersion of colloidal particles in electrolyte solution," J. Physical Chemistry, Vol. 66, 2626-2635, 1962.

58. Schwarz, G., "A theory of the low frequency of dielectric dispersion," Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 66, 2636-2642, 1962.

59. Scott, W. J. and G. F. West, "I. P. of synthetic, high-resistivity rocks containing disseminated sulphides," Geophysics, Vol. 34, 87-100, 1969.

60. Seigel, H. O. and A. W. Howland-Rose, "The magnetic I. P. method," Developments in Geophysical Exploration Methods, Chapter 3,(ed. by A. A. Fitch), Appl. Sci. Publishers, Essex, 1982.

61. Seigel, H. O., "The magnetic I. P. method," Geophysics, Vol. 39, 321-339, 1974.

62. Sidorov, V. A. and A. M. Yakin, "IP in rocks with inductive excitation," Izvestia Earth Physics, Vol. 15, 810-814, 1979.

63. Sihvola, A. and J. A. Kong, "Effective permittivity of dielectric mixtures," Pm., URSI Commission F Symposium, University of New Hampshire, Durham, July 1986.

64. Snyder, Y. Y., K. H. Merkel, and J. F. Williams, "Complex formation resistivity --- the forgotten half of the resistivity log: Soc. Prof. Well Log," Analysts Meeting (18th Annual Symposium), Houston, 1977.

65. Stoyer, C. H., "Consequences of I. P. in MT interpretation," Pure and Appl. Geophys., Vol. 114, 435-449, 1976.

66. Sumner, J. S., "The I. P. exploration method," Geophysics and Geochemistry in the Search for Metallic Dyes, Geological Survey of Canada Report, 123-133, (ed. by P. J. Hood), 1979.

67. Van Voorhsi, G. D., P. H. Nelson, and T. L. Drake, "Complex resistivity spectra of porphyry copper mineralization," Geophysics, Vol. 38, 49-60, 1973.

68. Vinegar, H. J. and M. H. Waxman, "I. P. of shaly sands," Geophysics, Vol. 49, 1267-1287, 1984.

69. Wait, J. R., H. O. Seigel, L. S. Collett, W. E. Bell, and A. A. Brant, Method and apparatus for geophysical exploration, U.S. Patent 2,766,421, 1956. (Application, No. 272,422, February 1952.).

70. Wait, J. R., "Relaxation phenomena and I. P.," GeoExplomtion, Vol. 22, 107-127, 1984.

71. Wait, J. R. and P. Debroux, "I. P. in EM inductive schemes," Geophysical Prospecting, Vol. 32, 1147-1154, 1984.

72. Wait, J. R., "Extension to the phenomenological theory of I. P.," IEEE Trans. GE, Vol. 24, 409-414, 1986.

73. Wait, J. R., "Physical model for the complex resistivity of the earth," Electronic Letters, Vol. 23, 979-980, 1987.

74. Wong, P. Z., "Fractal surfaces in porous media," Physics and Chemistry of Porous Media, 300-318, (ed. by J. Benavar) A.I.P., New York, 1987.

75. Wong, J., "An electrochemical model of the I. P. phenomenon in disseminated sulphide ores," Geophysics, Vol. 44, 1245-1265, 1979.

76. Wynn, J. C. and K. L. Zong, "EM coupling, its intrinsic value, its removal and the cultural coupling problem," Geophysics, Vol. 40, 831-850, 1975. [Unfortunate errors in Equations (8), (9) and (12) which invalidate anisotropic model calculations.].

77. Xiong, Z., Y. Luo, S. Wang, and G. Wu, "I. P. and EM modelling of a 3-D body buried in a 2-layered anisotrophic earth," Geophysics, Vol. 51, 2235-2246, 1986.

78. Zonge, K. L. and J. C. Wynn, "Recent advances and applications in complex resistivity measurements," Geophysics, Vol. 40, 851-864, 1975.